Spritual Gifts

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Who I am
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Church Background
Grew up in a pentecostal/charismatic church
Moved to Hawaii when I was 15
Lived on a YWAM base (charismatic org)
Went to a calvary chapel (cessationist/open but cautious church)
Attended college at a four square affiliated church (pentecostal church)
I have been blessed to experience a wide range of differing views on the gifts and have seen those views expressed in both corporate and private settings.
With that said I have a deep appreciation for all of my brothers and sisters in Christ who stand on both sides of this theological position and I hope that tonight I may be able to bring clarity to some of these positions while also not alienating anyone who may hold to one or the other.
First we will talk about the general position of the three main positions or views of the gifts of the Spirit.

Views of the Gifts

Open but cautious
I do recognize there are more views out there than just these three but for the purpose of our 2 hours we can only cover three so I have tried to pick the three most widely held views
Then we will move to what the gifts are and how to use them

Various gifts and their use

After this we will divide the gifts into three main camps
Miraculous gifts
Word gifts
Service gifts
Finally we will talk about what each views positions are on the use of the gifts today with specific reference to prophecy, healing, and tongues

Positions on the use of gifts today

Lastly before we begin I would like to say that there are certain topics we will not be covering today.
A person must speak in tongues to be a “true christian”
A person must speak in tongues to show the Holy Spirit dwells inside them
People who speak in tongues are more “spiritual” or mature
If someone is not healed after prayer it is the fault of the sick person for not having enough faith
God wants ALL believers to be healthy and wealthy today
It’s always God’s will to heal a Christian who is sick
God will grant the things that we claim in faith
There are apostles like Peter and Paul in today’s church
God should not be expected to heal today in answer to prayer
God never works miracles today because those have ceased
Charismatics and pentecostals are not Christians or they are a cult
Charismatics are unintellectual
Cessationists are dry and rationalistic in their faith
These are very broad extremely general statements that are often applied to groups as a whole and it is very difficult to defend these statements with the totality of scripture.
Wayne Grudem says this in the preface of the book (Are Miraculous Gifts for Today? - Four Views) about these topics
“I believe it is fair to say that all four authors would unite in their rejection of these teachings. These positions, as far as we know, are defended by no academic leaders in any branch of the evangelical world. In some cases they are misrepresentations of the teaching of Scripture, and in others they are caricatures of other positions, but in every case they are teachings that we think hinder and disturb the body of Christ, not building it up or strengthening it in truth and in faithfulness to God’s Word.” - Wayne Grudem
I recognize that some may have or still hold some of these views and if we have time after equip we can talk through some of these statements however for the sake of time we must jump into our first discussion time.

Discussion Time (5 Minutes)

What is your view of the Holy Spirit’s role in our church and in our world today?
The drawing of unbelievers to salvation and the equipping of believers to proclaim the gospel to the ends of the earth

Views of the Gifts


Cessationists believe that certain gifts of the Holy Spirit were confined to the first century and were used at the time the apostles were establishing the churches and when the New Testament was not yet complete. Cessationist theology began during the reformation and is widely held in reformed and dispensationalist circles
They would hold the position that certain gifts were given to the apostles for the purpose of showing the authority of God on their lives in order that they may grow the church, and add to the canon of scripture (the Word of God) through their words and letters. Literally showing that they have authority from Him to speak on behalf of Him
Once the canon of scripture is completed some, (not ALL) of these gifts ceased because there was no need for supernatural authority to be given through gifts as we can find supernatural authority through the Words of God written in the canon of Scripture.


Most Pentecostals trace their roots back to the United States in 1901 with the Pentecostal revival at Azusa Street
Pentecostal view
They hold the view that
All gifts of the Holy Spirit mentioned in the new testament are intended for today
Baptism in the Holy Spirit is an empowering experience that follows after a believers conversion and should be sought by believers today
When people are baptized in the Holy Spirit they will speak in tongues as a “sign” that they have received this experience
Charismatic view
The charismatic movement began in the 1960’s-70’s with the charismatic renewal movement
They as well seek to practice ALL the gifts of the new testament but they differ on whether baptism in the Spirit follows conversion as well as not all believe that speaking in tongues is a requirement of a sign on the baptism of the Holy Spirit
There is no denominational adherence when it comes to the charismatic movement
instead they see themselves as a force for renewal within the existing protestant churches
Due to their views that ALL the gifts are for the New Testament church we have included them together for our discussion tonight

Open but Cautious

The last group of believers makes up a vast number of evangelicals who do not see themselves as either Cessationist or Pentecostal/Charismatic.
They are open to the possibility of all the gifts being used today but they are cautious around certain “miraculous” gifts due to their possibility of abuse of these gifts that has been seen in various movements in todays culture
This group of people who are open but cautious have the name...
Open but Cautious

Gifts and Their Use

1 Corinthians 12:28 ESV
And God has appointed in the church first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, helping, administrating, and various kinds of tongues.
This is typically accepted as an Office or position held by the twelve disciples, and Paul
Some point to places like Acts 14:4 to point out that people like Barnabas were also included as apostles
This can be because he was with Paul and helped Paul to establish churches and advance the Gospel around the world.
None the less the office/gift of apostle is almost universally accepted as an office reserved for the 12 and Paul
One speaking on behalf of God
Prophets or prophecy typically reveals coming events or the will of God in a given situation
Prophesy in scripture differs from prophesy today (if prophesy exists today)
Prophesy in scripture holds the same authority as the scripture itself.
If we entertain the idea that prophesy exists today then we must understand that prophesy today is subjected to scripture as the ultimate authority.
A believer must understand that scripture holds the ultimate authority in the life of a believer as the inherent word of God
John Piper says this about Prophecy
Sermons from John Piper (1990–1999) The Authority and Nature of the Gift of Prophecy

Let me begin by affirming the finality and sufficiency of Scripture, the 66 books of the Bible. Nothing I say about today’s prophecies means that they have authority over our lives like Scripture does. Whatever prophecies are given today do not add to Scripture. They are tested by Scripture. Scripture is closed and final; it is a foundation, not a building in process.

The best way to see this is to see how the teaching of the apostles was the final authority in the early church and how other prophecies did not have this final authority. For example, Paul says in 1 Corinthians 14:37–38, “If any one thinks that he is a prophet, or spiritual, he should acknowledge that what I am writing to you is a command of the Lord. If any one does not recognize this, he is not recognized.” The implication is plain: the teaching of the apostle has final authority. The claims to prophecy in the church, then and now, do not have this authority

Historically teachers (specifically of the law) would teach in various settings, not just on stage.
It’s why we see Jesus teaching in many places like on hill tops, sea shores, as they are walking from place to place, in houses.
The gift of teaching means you are equipped to teach the word of God where ever you go
Obviously one who is a skilled communicator may be an effective teacher, but without a deep understanding of the word of God he can become nothing more than a wolf in sheep’s clothing or a false teacher.
Teacher does not mean stage communicator
If you believe you have the gift of teaching ask yourself who am I teaching right now?
Teachers teach wherever they are, it’s why guys like Donnie and Ben and Spencer are able to teach kids as little as 1 to kids as old as 100. They teach where they are planted
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary Miracles, Signs, Wonders

Events which unmistakably involve an immediate and powerful action of God designed to reveal His character or purposes.

Miracles we see in the Old Testament
Split of the Red Sea
Ten Plagues
Walls of Jericho
Sodom and Gamorah
Miracles in the New Testament
Apostles set free from prison
Jesus and Peter walking on water
storms calmed
Kinds of Healing
Self explanatory
The ability to offer help and assistance
We see this gift used by many of our shepherds and servants who do behind the scenes work of setting up and tearing down events, our care ministry, and others who faithfully serve week in and week out in building up others in the church

Spiritual gift that God gives to some members to build up the church (1 Cor. 12:28 NASB, NIV, RSV; HCSB “managing”), called “governments” in KJV. The Greek word kubernesis occurs only here in the Greek NT. It describes the ability to lead or hold a position of leadership.

We will address this more in depth after our break but I will say this...
The word to describe tongues are dialektos (language) and glossa (tongue, language)
1 Corinthians 12:8–13 ESV
For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills. For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.
Word of Wisdom
Word of Knowledge
Distinguishing Between Spirits
Interpretation of Tongues
Ephesians 4:11 ESV
And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers,
Romans 12:6–8 ESV
Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching; the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads, with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.
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