Confirmation of gospel

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The trustworthiness of the gospel of Jesus Christ rests upon the fulfilment of OT prophecies concerning Jesus Christ, the apostolic witness to Jesus Christ and the divine witness to Jesus Christ during his ministry, culminating in his resurrection.

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Prophecies of the OT concerning Jesus Christ

Fulfilment of prophecy recognised by Jesus Christ

Matthew 26:54–56 ESV
54 But how then should the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must be so?” 55 At that hour Jesus said to the crowds, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? Day after day I sat in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me. 56 But all this has taken place that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples left him and fled.
See also Mt 26:24; Mt 26:31; Lk 4:21; Lk 21:22; Lk 24:25–27; Lk 24:44; Lk 24:46; Jn 13:18; Ps 41:9

Fulfilment of prophecy recognised by NT speakers and writers

Romans 3:21 ESV
21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it—
See also Lk 1:68–70; Ac 3:18; Ac 10:43; Ac 26:22; Ro 1:2; 1 Co 15:3–5; 1 Pe 1:10–12

Particular prophecies fulfilled:

Mt 1:22–23; Is 7:14; Mt 2:5–6; Mic 5:2; Mt 2:15; Ho 11:1; Mt 2:17–18; Je 31:15; Mt 2:23; Mt 4:14–16; Is 9:1–2; Mt 8:17; Is 53:4; Mt 12:17–21; Is 42:1–4; Mt 21:4–5; Zec 9:9; Mt 27:9–10; Jn 19:24; Ps 22:18; Jn 19:28; Jn 19:36; Ex 12:46; Jn 19:37; Zec 12:10; Ac 2:25–28; Ps 16:8–11

Realisation of types

The sign of Jonah:

Mt 12:38–41; Mt 16:4

Jesus Christ as the bread of life:

Jn 6:31–35; Jn 6:48–51
Heb 3:1–6 Jesus Christ as the greater Moses; Heb 6:20–7:10 Jesus Christ as the high priest after the order of Melchizedek

Fulfilment of ceremony and sacrifice

Jn 1:29 Jesus Christ fulfils all that the sacrificial system stood for.
See also Heb 9:6–14; 1 Pe 1:18–19

Witness of the apostles to Jesus Christ

John 19:35 ESV
35 He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe.
See also Lk 24:48; Jn 1:14; Jn 15:27; Jn 21:24; Ac 1:8; Ac 2:32; Ac 4:20; Ac 5:32; Ac 13:31; 1 Pe 5:1; 1 Jn 1:1–2; 1 Jn 4:14

Witness of God the Father to his Son

Matthew 3:16–17 ESV
16 And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him; 17 and behold, a voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”
See also Jn 1:32–34; Mt 17:5; Jn 12:23–32; 2 Pe 1:17–18

Jesus Christ vindicated by his resurrection

Romans 1:1–4 ESV
1 Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, 2 which he promised beforehand through his prophets in the holy Scriptures, 3 concerning his Son, who was descended from David according to the flesh 4 and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,
See also Ac 2:24–28; Ps 16:8–11; Ac 13:30–35; Ac 17:31; Ro 8:11; Ro 10:9; 1 Co 15:14–15; 1 Pe 1:21

Warnings against false gospels

Galatians 1:6–9 ESV
6 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— 7 not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. 8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, let him be accursed.
See also 1 Co 3:11; 1 Jn 4:1–3
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