Leviticus -- The Source of Holiness

Jesus in the Old Testament  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  47:40
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Galatians 3:23–26 ESV
23 Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed. 24 So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, 26 for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith.
When we preach the love of God there is a danger of forgetting that the Bible reveals not first the love of God but the intense, blazing holiness of God, with His love at the center of that holiness. — Oswald Chambers


Leviticus is referred to about 40 times in the New Testament
It is the key concept to the New Testament epistle, Hebrews
NAME: Wayyiara (Hebrew): And He called // Leuitikon (Greek): That which pertains to the Levites // Leviticus (Latin Vulgate)


DATE: 1445BC

AUDIENCE: Israelites


The nation of Israel
The high priests


Giving of God’s moral, civil, and ceremonial law
Showing the sacrificial system to be in relationship with God
Goes into deeper detail of what God spoke to Moses on Mt. Sinai in Exodus 19-40

LOCATION: Mount Sinai

MAIN THEME: God’s holiness and the need for sacrifice and obedience


ATONEMENT: Hebrew: Kippur (to cover)— occurs 52 times in Leviticus
HOLY: Hebrew: Qawdosh [kaw-doshe] (sacred, set apart) — occurs 92 times in Leviticus
I AM THE LORD: Hebrew: Yhwh [Yahweh], Latin: Jhvh [Jehovah] — occurs 49 times in Leviticus


Sacrifice (Leviticus 1-17)
1-7 — God must be approached through sacrificial offerings
8-10 — there must be a mediator, the priest
11-15 — God must be approached by the purification of the nation from uncleanness
16-17 — God must be approached by the provision for national cleansing and fellowship
Sanctification (Leviticus 18-27)
18-20 — Holiness in the people of Israel
21-22 — Holiness among the priests
23-24 — Holiness in worship
25-26 — Holiness in Canaan
27 — Holiness in special vows

IMPORTANCE TODAY: __________________________________________


Leviticus is full of types and allusions to Jesus
The Five Offerings
Burnt Offering: Christ’s total submission to His Father’s will
Meal Offering: Christ’s sinless service
Peace Offering: The fellowship believers have with God through the cross
Sin Offering: Christ as our guilt-bearer
Trespass Offering: Christ’s payment for the damage of sin
High Priest — Aaron being the first high priest, Jesus being our final High Priest (Hebrews hits on this)
Seven Feasts
Passover: substitutionary death of the Lamb of God
Jesus died on Passover
Unleavened Bread: the holy walk of believers (1 Corinthians 5:6-8)
Firstfruits: Christ’s resurrection as the first fruits of the resurrection of all believers (1 Corinthians 15:20)
Jesus rose on the day of Firstfruits
Pentecost: the descent of the Holy Spirit on believers
Trumpets, Day of Atonement, & Tabernacle: events associated with the second advent of Christ
Genesis 2:25 ESV
25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.
Leviticus 11:44–45 ESV
44 For I am the Lord your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy. You shall not defile yourselves with any swarming thing that crawls on the ground. 45 For I am the Lord who brought you up out of the land of Egypt to be your God. You shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.”
Genesis 3:7 ESV
7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.
Leviticus 17:11 ESV
11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it for you on the altar to make atonement for your souls, for it is the blood that makes atonement by the life.
Hebrews 9:22 ESV
22 Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.
Genesis 3:21 ESV
21 And the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them.
Leviticus 22:21 ESV
21 And when anyone offers a sacrifice of peace offerings to the Lord to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering from the herd or from the flock, to be accepted it must be perfect; there shall be no blemish in it.
Hebrews 10:4 ESV
4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
Hebrews 10:3 ESV
3 But in these sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year.
Hebrews 10:1–4 ESV
1 For since the law has but a shadow of the good things to come instead of the true form of these realities, it can never, by the same sacrifices that are continually offered every year, make perfect those who draw near. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, since the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have any consciousness of sins? 3 But in these sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
Psalm 51:16–17 ESV
16 For you will not delight in sacrifice, or I would give it; you will not be pleased with a burnt offering. 17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
Mark 10:17–20 ESV
17 And as he was setting out on his journey, a man ran up and knelt before him and asked him, “Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” 18 And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone. 19 You know the commandments: ‘Do not murder, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.’ ” 20 And he said to him, “Teacher, all these I have kept from my youth.”
Matthew 23:25–28 ESV
25 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and the plate, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. 26 You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and the plate, that the outside also may be clean. 27 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but within are full of dead people’s bones and all uncleanness. 28 So you also outwardly appear righteous to others, but within you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.
Jeremiah 31:31–34 ESV
31 “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the Lord. 33 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”
Hebrews 10:8–14 ESV
8 When he said above, “You have neither desired nor taken pleasure in sacrifices and offerings and burnt offerings and sin offerings” (these are offered according to the law), 9 then he added, “Behold, I have come to do your will.” He does away with the first in order to establish the second. 10 And by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 11 And every priest stands daily at his service, offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, 13 waiting from that time until his enemies should be made a footstool for his feet. 14 For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified.
1 Peter 1:14–16 ESV
14 As obedient children, do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance, 15 but as he who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, 16 since it is written, “You shall be holy, for I am holy.”
1 Peter 2:9–10 ESV
9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. 10 Once you were not a people, but now you are God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.
Psalm 139:17–18 ESV
17 How precious to me are your thoughts, O God! How vast is the sum of them! 18 If I would count them, they are more than the sand. I awake, and I am still with you.
John 3:16 ESV
16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
John 17:23 ESV
23 I in them and you in me, that they may become perfectly one, so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me.
John 17:20 ESV
20 “I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word,
Romans 12:1 ESV
1 I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.
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