Sukkot (סכות) Tabernacles - Audio Podcast-Sept 30, 2023

Fall Feasts 2023  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  2:45:55
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Leviticus 23:33-38
We continue to study the Fall Feasts
Today is our last feast: Sukkot
Road Map
We will speak about the the connection between Sukkot and Shabbat
We will speak about the Special Feast of the Lord
We will take a closer look at the feast in which Jewish men are supposed to go back to Jerusalem
We will do the Biblical Presentation of Sukkot
Explore the readings for Sukkot
Purpose for Sukkot
Images of Sukkot in the word: how sukkot is represented in different ways
End times significance

Review

Rosh HaShanah
ראש - השנה
For this reason, Rosh Hashanah is also known as Yom Hadin ( יוֹם הַדִּין), “the Day of Judgment.”
It is also called Yom Hazikaron ( יוֹם הַזִּכָּרוֹן), the “Day of Remembrance”
In the Hebrew Bible, Rosh Hashanah is called Yom Teruah, ( יוֹם תְּרוּעָה ) the “day of blasting”
Blowing of Trumpets
Hayom Harat Olam (ַַהיום - הרת - עולם) “the day the world was conceived.”
Traditionally, Jews have the ten days between Rosh Hashanah, the day on which God judges the world, and Yom Kippur, the day on which those judgments are sealed, to do teshuva, repentance, and atone for their wrong-doings.
For this reason, it is called Shabbat Shabbaton, “Sabbath of Sabbaths.”
Give Ear
Autumn rain (moreh)
Atonement
Song of Moses
All the feasts

Introduction

Exodus 31:13 NKJV
13 “Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: ‘Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.
Keep - שָׁמַר - [shamar] = observe, guard
A sign -אוֹת -[ot] = a banner, a miracle, an example
Generations- דּוֹר -[dor] = house, dwelling place, tent-camp, generations
Exodus 31:14 NKJV
14 You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.
Sabbath - שַׁבָּת [shabbat] = seventh day, Saturday - to rest/ worship
Holy - קֹדֶשׁ - [kodosh] - to you
Be put to death - מוּת - [mut] = to die/ be dead (absence of life) - repeated twice for emphasis
Cut off - כָּרַת‎ - [kā·rǎṯ] - severed from its source - not connected to life - to be cut = implying you broke the covenant, you pay with your life
Exodus 31:15 NKJV
15 Work shall be done for six days, but the seventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
Sabbath - שַׁבָּת [shabbat] = seventh day + שַׁבָּתוֹן - [shabbathon] - a special shabbat - rest period, sabbath observance, i.e., a period of time for resting, as a consecrated observing of rest
Exodus 31:16 NKJV
16 Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.
Keep - שָׁמַר - [shamar] = observe, guard
Observe - עשׂה - [asah] = DO - i.e., perform or act out an event, highly generic, of almost any kind or manner
Generations- דּוֹר -[dor] = house, dwelling place, tent-camp, generations
Perpetual - עוֹלָם[ʿô·lām] -
Covenant - בְּרִית - [berit] - pledge, a binding oath of promise, and marriage - eg Berit Hadasha
Introduction of the Special feasts
Sabbath - שַׁבָּת [shabbat] = seventh day + שַׁבָּתוֹן - [shabbathon] -
Leviticus 23:2–3 NKJV
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘The feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts. 3 ‘Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
Feasts of Spring
Passover
Unleavened Bread
First Fruits
Fall Feasts
Trumpets
Atonement
Tabernacles
Hebrew
Passover - Pesach
Unleavened Bread = HagMatzot
First Fruits = HaBikkurim/ Reishit
Pentecost = Shavuot
Feasts of Fall
Trumpets = Rosh Hashanah
Atonement = Yom Kippur
Today Tabernacles = Sukkot
The LORD establishes three feasts: Shalosh Regalim (Jewish Pilgrimage)
Exodus 23:14–17 NKJV
14 “Three times you shall keep a feast to Me in the year: 15 You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread (you shall eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt; none shall appear before Me empty); 16 and the Feast of Harvest, the firstfruits of your labors which you have sown in the field; and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labors from the field. 17 “Three times in the year all your males shall appear before the Lord God.
Exodus 23:19 NKJV
19 The first of the firstfruits of your land you shall bring into the house of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.
Deuteronomy 16:6 NKJV
6 but at the place where the Lord your God chooses to make His name abide, there you shall sacrifice the Passover at twilight, at the going down of the sun, at the time you came out of Egypt.
Deuteronomy 16:11 NKJV
11 You shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, the Levite who is within your gates, the stranger and the fatherless and the widow who are among you, at the place where the Lord your God chooses to make His name abide.
Deuteronomy 16:16 NKJV
16 “Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God in the place which He chooses: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Tabernacles; and they shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed.
3 Feasts to make it back to Jerusalem, to appear before the Lord:
The idea is that we are in this journey of sanctification until we tabernacle, sukkot, with the Lord
Psalm 76:1–2 NKJV
1 In Judah God is known; His name is great in Israel. 2 In Salem also is His tabernacle, And His dwelling place in Zion.
6108 סֹךְ‎ (sōḵ): ; ≡ Str 5520; dwelling place,
Biblical PRESENTATION
Leviticus 23:33–38 NKJV
33 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 34 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to the Lord. 35 On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. 36 For seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord. It is a sacred assembly, and you shall do no customary work on it. 37 ‘These are the feasts of the Lord which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the Lord, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day— 38 besides the Sabbaths of the Lord, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the Lord.
Leviticus 23:42–43 NKJV
42 You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, 43 that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.’ ”
You are to live in sukkot for seven days.
The meaning in Hebrew is shelter, tabernacle
A reminder for us of the final destination of this journey is to dwell with Him
The rabbinic prescription for these dens has become quite intricate, but in essence,
Reading for Sukkot
(Leviticus 22:26-23:44)
Which we will not read from beginning to end
Leviticus 22:28–29 NKJV
28 Whether it is a cow or ewe, do not kill both her and her young on the same day. 29 And when you offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Lord, offer it of your own free will.
Leviticus 22:31–32 NKJV
31 “Therefore you shall keep My commandments, and perform them: I am the Lord. 32 You shall not profane My holy name, but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel. I am the Lord who sanctifies you,
Hebrews 5:5–11 NKJV
5 So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him: “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.” 6 As He also says in another place: “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek”; 7 who, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and supplications, with vehement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, and was heard because of His godly fear, 8 though He was a Son, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered. 9 And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him, 10 called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek,” 11 of whom we have much to say, and hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing.
Luke 13:35 NKJV
35 See! Your house is left to you desolate; and assuredly, I say to you, you shall not see Me until the time comes when you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”
Psalm 118:26 NKJV
26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! We have blessed you from the house of the Lord.
John 5:43 NKJV
43 I have come in My Father’s name, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in his own name, him you will receive.
His first coming was a building of our personal house for God
The second coming will be the building of His Kingdom in the World
Leviticus 23:1–2 NKJV
1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘The feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts.
The festivals are "callings of holiness" (mikra'ei kodesh),
Leviticus 23:3 NKJV
3 ‘Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work on it; it is the Sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
Six days shall work be done.
Leviticus 23:5–6 NKJV
5 On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
Leviticus 23:15 NKJV
15 ‘And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed.
Leviticus 23:24 NKJV
24 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.
The first of the seventh month (Tishrei)
Leviticus 23:26–27 NKJV
26 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27 “Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the Lord.
It shall be a day of atonement (Yom Kippur);
it shall be a calling of holiness to you.
Leviticus 23:39 NKJV
39 ‘Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the Lord for seven days; on the first day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a sabbath-rest.
On the fifteenth of Tishrei begins the seven-day Sukkot festival,
Leviticus 23:42 NKJV
42 You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths,
You shall dwell in huts seven days...
(Shulchan Aruch)
And the glorious thing about Sukkot is
To remind us that we will enter His tabernacle (even with muddy boots)
Sukkot points to two periods of time and place regarding the tabernacle:
The indwelling of His Spirit in the heart of men;
The indwelling of the earth to live with men again.
1- The indwelling of His Spirit in the heart of men
John 7:1–2 NKJV
1 After these things Jesus walked in Galilee; for He did not want to walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill Him. 2 Now the Jews’ Feast of Tabernacles was at hand.
John 7:37–39 NKJV
37 On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.” 39 But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him would receive; for the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.
We can have fellowship with God because he came down to earth as a man, and tabernacled among us.
Revelation 3:20 NKJV
20 Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with Me.
2- The indwelling of the earth to live with men again
Revelation 21:3–4 NKJV
3 And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God. 4 And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.”
Sukkot also points prophetically towards Yeshua’s second coming,
I guess if we can enter with muddy boots, the analogy of coming down like rain makes sense:
Coming Down Like Rain
The main four are:
Deuteronomy 32:1–2 NKJV
1 “Give ear, O heavens, and I will speak; And hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. 2 Let my teaching drop as the rain, My speech distill as the dew, As raindrops on the tender herb, And as showers on the grass.
The latter rains, malkosh, are much harder rains that would have just caused flooding and devastation
Deuteronomy 11:14 NKJV
14 then I will give you the rain for your land in its season, the early rain and the latter rain, that you may gather in your grain, your new wine, and your oil.
Hosea 6:1–3 NKJV
1 Come, and let us return to the Lord; For He has torn, but He will heal us; He has stricken, but He will bind us up. 2 After two days He will revive us; On the third day He will raise us up, That we may live in His sight. 3 Let us know, Let us pursue the knowledge of the Lord. His going forth is established as the morning; He will come to us like the rain, Like the latter and former rain to the earth.
Geshem = גֶּשֶׁם = Rain
Romans 4:17–21 NKJV
17 (as it is written, “I have made you a father of many nations”) in the presence of Him whom he believed—God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did; 18 who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, “So shall your descendants be.” 19 And not being weak in faith, he did not consider his own body, already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah’s womb. 20 He did not waver at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God, 21 and being fully convinced that what He had promised He was also able to perform.
Hosea 6:3 NKJV
3 Let us know, Let us pursue the knowledge of the Lord. His going forth is established as the morning; He will come to us like the rain, Like the latter and former rain to the earth.
James 5:7–8 NKJV
7 Therefore be patient, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, waiting patiently for it until it receives the early and latter rain. 8 You also be patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand.
CLOSING
Feast of Tabernacles - Sukkot
Psalm 76:1–2 NKJV
1 In Judah God is known; His name is great in Israel. 2 In Salem also is His tabernacle, And His dwelling place in Zion.
A covering we can enter even with our muddy boots
The first:
Zechariah 9:9 NKJV
9 “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, Lowly and riding on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.
The second:
Zechariah 9:10 NKJV
10 I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim And the horse from Jerusalem; The battle bow shall be cut off. He shall speak peace to the nations; His dominion shall be ‘from sea to sea, And from the River to the ends of the earth.’
The second coming Identification of the Lord
Zechariah 10:10 NKJV
10 I will also bring them back from the land of Egypt, And gather them from Assyria. I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon, Until no more room is found for them.
Zechariah 14:16–21 NKJV
16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 17 And it shall be that whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, on them there will be no rain. 18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the Lord strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. 20 In that day “HOLINESS TO THE LORD” shall be engraved on the bells of the horses. The pots in the Lord’s house shall be like the bowls before the altar. 21 Yes, every pot in Jerusalem and Judah shall be holiness to the Lord of hosts. Everyone who sacrifices shall come and take them and cook in them. In that day there shall no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the Lord of hosts.
Psalm 76:1–2 NKJV
1 In Judah God is known; His name is great in Israel. 2 In Salem also is His tabernacle, And His dwelling place in Zion.
Revelation 21:1–2 NKJV
1 Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. 2 Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Revelation 21:22–22:5 NKJV
22 But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light. 24 And the nations of those who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it. 25 Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there shall be no night there). 26 And they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it. 27 But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life. 1 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb. 2 In the middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve fruits, each tree yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. 3 And there shall be no more curse, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and His servants shall serve Him. 4 They shall see His face, and His name shall be on their foreheads. 5 There shall be no night there: They need no lamp nor light of the sun, for the Lord God gives them light. And they shall reign forever and ever.
Revelation 22:14 NKJV
14 Blessed are those who do His commandments, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter through the gates into the city.
Psalm 133:3 NKJV
3 It is like the dew of Hermon, Descending upon the mountains of Zion; For there the Lord commanded the blessing— Life forevermore.
Hosea 14:5–6 NKJV
5 I will be like the dew to Israel; He shall grow like the lily, And lengthen his roots like Lebanon. 6 His branches shall spread; His beauty shall be like an olive tree, And his fragrance like Lebanon.
TFILAT TAL – THE JEWISH PRAYER / BLESSING FOR DEW
Remember His Torah/ Live the Torah/ Teach the Torah
Chag Sameach
Shabbat Shalom
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