B'reisheet - In the Beginning (בְּרֵאשִׁית) Haftarah (Oct 14, 2023)

Haftarah 2023-2024  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  3:04:35
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1 Samuel 20:18-42
and
Genesis 1:14-16

Review

We are starting a new cycle of Torah readings
We have taught from the Torah portions directly for the last 3 years
We will dedicate this new cycle to the teaching of every Haftarah that accompanies every Torah Portion in the cycle
If we were to think about the books of the Torah/Law, we will know their names as: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy
They are also known as the Pentateuch
But no numbers/ no verse numbers
Hyperlinks
The five books are called:
Genesis (Berishit): In the Beginning
Exodus (Shemot): These are the names
Leviticus (Vayikra) = Adonai called
Numbers: (Bamidbar) = In the Wilderness
Deuteronomy (Devarim) = These are the words
The Halfarah are supplementary scriptures that go alone with the Torah Portions

Introduction

1 Samuel 20:18-42
and
Genesis 1:14-16
Road Map
The Torah Portion for today goes from:
‌Genesis Chapter 1, verse 1 to Genesis Chapter 6, verse 8
We will speak about 1 Sam and Bereishit 1 14 to 16
We will explore the halftarah and close with the connection with Bereishit.
The haftarah occurs
Deuteronomy 33:1 NKJV
1 Now this is the blessing with which Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.
Biblical PRESENTATION
1 Samuel 20:18 NKJV
18 Then Jonathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the New Moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty.
18 - And Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon, and you will be remembered, for your seat will be vacant.
NOTE 1: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a new day - the moon to set the times.
for your seat will be empty (vacant):
and you will be remembered:
will be vacant:
NOTE 2: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of someone is not here - having a seat empty. Speaking of someone being REMEMBERED
1 Samuel 20:19 NKJV
19 And when you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the day of the deed; and remain by the stone Ezel.
19- And for three days, you shall hide very well, and you shall come to the place where you hid on the day of work, and you shall stay beside the traveler's stone (Ezel).
Ezekiel 36:16–38 NKJV
16 Moreover the word of the Lord came to me, saying: 17 “Son of man, when the house of Israel dwelt in their own land, they defiled it by their own ways and deeds; to Me their way was like the uncleanness of a woman in her customary impurity. 18 Therefore I poured out My fury on them for the blood they had shed on the land, and for their idols with which they had defiled it. 19 So I scattered them among the nations, and they were dispersed throughout the countries; I judged them according to their ways and their deeds. 20 When they came to the nations, wherever they went, they profaned My holy name—when they said of them, ‘These are the people of the Lord, and yet they have gone out of His land.’ 21 But I had concern for My holy name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the nations wherever they went. 22 “Therefore say to the house of Israel, ‘Thus says the Lord God: “I do not do this for your sake, O house of Israel, but for My holy name’s sake, which you have profaned among the nations wherever you went. 23 And I will sanctify My great name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst; and the nations shall know that I am the Lord,” says the Lord God, “when I am hallowed in you before their eyes. 24 For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. 25 Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. 26 I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them. 28 Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God. 29 I will deliver you from all your uncleannesses. I will call for the grain and multiply it, and bring no famine upon you. 30 And I will multiply the fruit of your trees and the increase of your fields, so that you need never again bear the reproach of famine among the nations. 31 Then you will remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good; and you will loathe yourselves in your own sight, for your iniquities and your abominations. 32 Not for your sake do I do this,” says the Lord God, “let it be known to you. Be ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of Israel!” 33 ‘Thus says the Lord God: “On the day that I cleanse you from all your iniquities, I will also enable you to dwell in the cities, and the ruins shall be rebuilt. 34 The desolate land shall be tilled instead of lying desolate in the sight of all who pass by. 35 So they will say, ‘This land that was desolate has become like the garden of Eden; and the wasted, desolate, and ruined cities are now fortified and inhabited.’ 36 Then the nations which are left all around you shall know that I, the Lord, have rebuilt the ruined places and planted what was desolate. I, the Lord, have spoken it, and I will do it.” 37 ‘Thus says the Lord God: “I will also let the house of Israel inquire of Me to do this for them: I will increase their men like a flock. 38 Like a flock offered as holy sacrifices, like the flock at Jerusalem on its feast days, so shall the ruined cities be filled with flocks of men. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.” ’ ”
NOTE 3: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a mystery being hidden. A mystery that many will look for, but will not find.
NOTE 4: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign, just like the stone of Ezel - a sign of passing by
1 Samuel 20:20 NKJV
20 Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target;
Arrows
to the side, I shall shoot:
NOTE 5: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of the purpose of the arrows is to mark someone shooting the weapon, as to receive a physical impact - this mark will have a physical expression of the teaching.
1 Samuel 20:21 NKJV
21 and there I will send a lad, saying, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to the lad, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come’—then, as the Lord lives, there is safety for you and no harm.
21 - And behold, I shall send the youth, (saying,) 'Go, find the arrows [hitsim].'
Arrow:
2932 חֵץ
NOTE 6: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of the purpose of the arrows is to mark (exposes) the slander people will use against those who follow the sign. It will “stir up” “poke” shine light on those who do not trust the sign
1 Samuel 20:22 NKJV
22 But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you’—go your way, for the Lord has sent you away.
A sign
NOTE 7: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of the purpose of a sign which has future consequences, and that will satisfy.
1 Samuel 20:23 NKJV
23 And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the Lord be between you and me forever.”
A sign
NOTE 8: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks the sign that represents the covenant - between you and Messiah, which an eternal sign, which must not be profaned.
1 Samuel 20:24 NKJV
24 Then David hid in the field. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast.
24- And David hid in the
NOTE 9: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast
1 Samuel 20:25 NKJV
25 Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. And Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul’s side, but David’s place was empty.
1 Samuel 20:34 NKJV
34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had treated him shamefully.
Sign
NOTE 10: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign which sits at the head of many, and that may cause offence to many
1 Samuel 20:26 NKJV
26 Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, “Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean.”
he is not clean: and he has not yet immersed himself,
NOTE 11: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast where you need to present yourself clean
1 Samuel 20:27 NKJV
27 And it happened the next day, the second day of the month, that David’s place was empty. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, “Why has the son of Jesse not come to eat, either yesterday or today?”
Present clean
NOTE 12: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast that gives us a second chance to present ourselves clean in the day to come
1 Samuel 20:28 NKJV
28 So Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem.
Consent
NOTE 13: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast where we eat bread giving permission (consent), as He asked us to follow Him.
1 Samuel 20:29 NKJV
29 And he said, ‘Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.”
Gathering
NOTE 14: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast, when we eat bread, where the oldest brother gathers, and where there is a family sacrifice
1 Samuel 20:30 NKJV
30 Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness?
Genesis 9:22 NKJV
22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.
Repent
NOTE 15: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread, where the rebellious and perverse need to repent
1 Samuel 20:31 NKJV
31 For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.”
NOTE 16: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread; we are the bride and the kingdom of man will not be established
1 Samuel 20:32 NKJV
32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, “Why should he be killed? What has he done?”
And Saul was so angry that
Give our life
NOTE 17: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread and where we may be at risk of paying with our lives because of the love we have for Him.
1 Samuel 20:33 NKJV
33 Then Saul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David.
1 Samuel 20:34 NKJV
34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had treated him shamefully.
Israel
NOTE 18: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread, where the children of Israel (Saul) will be called the children of rebellion. Not that they are rebellious alone, but that they come from that one called rebellion represented by the flesh of Saul
1 Samuel 20:35 NKJV
35 And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad was with him.
1 Samuel 20:36 NKJV
36 Then he said to his lad, “Now run, find the arrows which I shoot.” As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
Fear of the Lord
NOTE 19: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread is not to be taken as a respond to the fear of man, but the fear of God
1 Samuel 20:37 NKJV
37 When the lad had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried out after the lad and said, “Is not the arrow beyond you?”
1 Samuel 20:38–39 NKJV
38 And Jonathan cried out after the lad, “Make haste, hurry, do not delay!” So Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. 39 But the lad did not know anything. Only Jonathan and David knew of the matter.
1 Samuel 20:40 NKJV
40 Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry them to the city.”
Obedience
NOTE 20: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread which entered by the same obedience of a child
1 Samuel 20:41 NKJV
41 As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from a place toward the south, fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times. And they kissed one another; and they wept together, but David more so.
Worship
NOTE 21: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread as a day of worship
1 Samuel 20:42 NKJV
42 Then Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the Lord, saying, ‘May the Lord be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.’ ” So he arose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city.
The covenant with the Lord brings us peace.
NOTE 22: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread that will bring eternal peace to all our generations.
CLOSING
What does this sign covenant between David and Jonathan have to do with Bereishit?
Genesis 1:1 NKJV
1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
John 1:1 NKJV
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Isaiah 46:8–10 NKJV
8 “Remember this, and show yourselves men; Recall to mind, O you transgressors. 9 Remember the former things of old, For I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like Me, 10 Declaring the end from the beginning, And from ancient times things that are not yet done, Saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, And I will do all My pleasure,’
Note 1
NOTE 1: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a new day - the moon to set the times.
Genesis 1:14–16 NKJV
14 Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so. 16 Then God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also.
Note 2
NOTE 2: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of someone is not here - having a seat empty. Speaking of someone being REMEMBERED
Exodus 20:8 NKJV
8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Shabbat = stop working
Luke 22:19 NKJV
19 And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
Note 3
NOTE 3: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a mystery being hidden. A mystery that many will look for but will not find.
Genesis 1:14 NKJV
14 Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years;
Seasons = Moed
Genesis 2:1–3 NKJV
1 Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. 2 And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.
Rested = Shabbat
Leviticus 23:1–2 NKJV
1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘The feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations, these are My feasts.
Feast = Moed
Note 4
NOTE 4: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign, just like the stone of Ezel - a sign of passing by.
Genesis 1:14 NKJV
14 Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years;
Signs = oth
Genesis 17:10–11 NKJV
10 This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised; 11 and you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between Me and you.
Exodus 12:12–14 NKJV
12 ‘For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. 13 Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. 14 ‘So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.
Exodus 31:13 NKJV
13 “Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: ‘Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.
Note 5
NOTE 5: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of the purpose of the arrows is to mark someone shooting the weapon, as to receive a physical impact - this mark will have a physical expression of the teaching.
Teach on Shabbat
Acts 16:13 NKJV
13 And on the Sabbath day we went out of the city to the riverside, where prayer was customarily made; and we sat down and spoke to the women who met there.
Acts 17:2 NKJV
2 Then Paul, as his custom was, went in to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures,
Note 6
NOTE 6: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of the purpose of the arrows is to mark (exposes) the slander people will use against those who follow the sign. It will “stir up” “poke” shine light on those who do not trust the sign.
Numbers 24:8 NKJV
8 “God brings him out of Egypt; He has strength like a wild ox; He shall consume the nations, his enemies; He shall break their bones And pierce them with his arrows.
Note 7
NOTE 7: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of the purpose of a sign which has future consequences, and that will satisfy.
Revelation 12:1 NKJV
1 Now a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a garland of twelve stars.
Revelation 15:1 NKJV
1 Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous: seven angels having the seven last plagues, for in them the wrath of God is complete.
Note 8
NOTE 8: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks the sign that represents the covenant - between you and Messiah, which an eternal sign, which must not be profaned.
John 20:30 NKJV
30 And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book;
Note 9
NOTE 9: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast.
Isaiah 66:22–23 NKJV
22 “For as the new heavens and the new earth Which I will make shall remain before Me,” says the Lord, “So shall your descendants and your name remain. 23 And it shall come to pass That from one New Moon to another, And from one Sabbath to another, All flesh shall come to worship before Me,” says the Lord.
Note 10
NOTE 10: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign which sits at the head of many, and that may cause offence to many.
Deuteronomy 5:12–14 NKJV
12 ‘Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you. 13 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 14 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you.
Genesis 2:1–3 NKJV
1 Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. 2 And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.
Note 11 and 12
NOTE 11: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast where you need to present yourself clean.
NOTE 12: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast that gives us a second chance to present ourselves clean in the day to come.
Bride
Revelation 19:8 NKJV
8 And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
Note 13
NOTE 13: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast where we eat bread giving permission (consent), as He asked us to follow Him.
Exodus 19:6–8 NKJV
6 And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.” 7 So Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before them all these words which the Lord commanded him. 8 Then all the people answered together and said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do.” So Moses brought back the words of the people to the Lord.
Note 14
NOTE 14: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast, when we eat bread, where the oldest brother gathers, and where there is a family sacrifice.
Matthew 25:32 NKJV
32 All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats.
John 11:52 NKJV
52 and not for that nation only, but also that He would gather together in one the children of God who were scattered abroad.
Note 15
NOTE 15: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread, where the rebellious and perverse need to repent.
Matthew 3:2 NKJV
2 and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand!”
Note 16
NOTE 16: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread; we are the bride and the kingdom of man will not be established.
Revelation 19:7 NKJV
7 Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready.”
Note 17
NOTE 17: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread and where we may be at risk of paying with our lives because of the love we have for Him.
Matthew 10:22 NKJV
22 And you will be hated by all for My name’s sake. But he who endures to the end will be saved.
Note 18
NOTE 18: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread, where the children of Israel (Saul) will be called the children of rebellion. Not that they are rebellious alone, but that they come from that one called rebellion represented by the flesh of Saul.
Hebrews 4:6–9 NKJV
6 Since therefore it remains that some must enter it, and those to whom it was first preached did not enter because of disobedience, 7 again He designates a certain day, saying in David, “Today,” after such a long time, as it has been said: “Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts.” 8 For if Joshua had given them rest, then He would not afterward have spoken of another day. 9 There remains therefore a rest for the people of God.
Rest = Shabbatismos
Note 19 and 20
NOTE 19: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread is not to be taken as a respond to the fear of man, but the fear of God.
NOTE 20: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread which we entered by the same obedience of a child.
Exodus 31:14 NKJV
14 You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.
Proverbs 22:6 NKJV
6 Train up a child in the way he should go, And when he is old he will not depart from it.
Note 21
NOTE 21: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread as a day of worship.
Mark 2:27–3:5 NKJV
27 And He said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. 28 Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.” 1 And He entered the synagogue again, and a man was there who had a withered hand. 2 So they watched Him closely, whether He would heal him on the Sabbath, so that they might accuse Him. 3 And He said to the man who had the withered hand, “Step forward.” 4 Then He said to them, “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill?” But they kept silent. 5 And when He had looked around at them with anger, being grieved by the hardness of their hearts, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored as whole as the other.
Note 22
NOTE 22: The covenant between David and Jonathan speaks of a sign of the new day/ new moon/ a feast when we eat bread that will bring eternal peace to all our generations.
Exodus 23:12 NKJV
12 Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall rest, that your ox and your donkey may rest, and the son of your female servant and the stranger may be refreshed.
Ezekiel 46:1–2 NKJV
1 ‘Thus says the Lord God: “The gateway of the inner court that faces toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and on the day of the New Moon it shall be opened. 2 The prince shall enter by way of the vestibule of the gateway from the outside, and stand by the gatepost. The priests shall prepare his burnt offering and his peace offerings. He shall worship at the threshold of the gate. Then he shall go out, but the gate shall not be shut until evening.
Remember His Torah/ Live the Torah/ Teach the Torah
Chag Sameach
Shabbat Shalom
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