Halftarah Chayei Sarah (חַיֵּי שָֹרָה)- The Life of Sarah (November 11, 2023)

Haftarah 2023-2024  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  3:11:25
0 ratings
· 14 views
Files
Notes
Transcript
1 Kings 1:1-31

Review

Genesis 23:1 NKJV
1 Sarah lived one hundred and twenty-seven years; these were the years of the life of Sarah.
Summary of The Torah Portion:
Genesis 24:1 NKJV
1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in age; and the Lord had blessed Abraham in all things.
Old Well Advanced in Age
This is the main center of the Halftarah.

Introduction

1 Kings 1:1-31
Road Map
The Book of First Kings Summary
The Halftarah Introduction
"Abraham was was old, advanced in days."
King David was aging, and he was perpetually cold.
Seeing his father advancing in age, Adoniahu, one of King
The prophet Nathan
The central episode consequently includes a critical moment of awareness that leads toward the conclusion
Joshua 1:1 NKJV
1 After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, it came to pass that the Lord spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ assistant, saying:
Judges 1:1 NKJV
1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass that the children of Israel asked the Lord, saying, “Who shall be first to go up for us against the Canaanites to fight against them?”
2 Samuel 1:1 NKJV
1 Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had stayed two days in Ziklag,
Biblical PRESENTATION
1 Kings 1:1-31
HALTARAH PORTION:
1 Kings 1:1 NKJV
1 Now King David was old, advanced in years; and they put covers on him, but he could not get warm.
1 Kings 1:2 NKJV
2 Therefore his servants said to him, “Let a young woman, a virgin, be sought for our lord the king, and let her stand before the king, and let her care for him; and let her lie in your bosom, that our lord the king may be warm.”
סָכַן (sā·ḵǎn): v.; ≡ Str 5532; 1. be of use, benefit, profit, i.e., have
Ecclesiastes 10:9 NKJV
9 He who quarries stones may be hurt by them, And he who splits wood may be endangered by it.
1 Kings 1:3–5 NKJV
3 So they sought for a lovely young woman throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 4 The young woman was very lovely; and she cared for the king, and served him; but the king did not know her. 5 Then Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I will be king”; and he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.
Isaiah 14:13 NKJV
13 For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation On the farthest sides of the north;
2 Samuel 15:1 NKJV
1 After this it happened that Absalom provided himself with chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him.
1 Kings 1:6 NKJV
6 (And his father had not rebuked him at any time by saying, “Why have you done so?” He was also very good-looking. His mother had borne him after Absalom.)
1 Kings 1:7 NKJV
7 Then he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they followed and helped Adonijah.
Deuteronomy 17:15 NKJV
15 you shall surely set a king over you whom the Lord your God chooses; one from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a foreigner over you, who is not your brother.
1 Chronicles 28:5 NKJV
5 And of all my sons (for the Lord has given me many sons) He has chosen my son Solomon to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel.
1 Kings 1:8 NKJV
8 But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David were not with Adonijah.
1 Kings 1:9 NKJV
9 And Adonijah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fattened cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which is by En Rogel; he also invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants.
even hazzoheleth = Serpent’s Stone
1 Kings 1:10 NKJV
10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the mighty men, or Solomon his brother.
1 Kings 1:11 NKJV
11 So Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, “Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith has become king, and David our lord does not know it?
1 Kings 1:12 NKJV
12 Come, please, let me now give you advice, that you may save your own life and the life of your son Solomon.
1 Kings 1:13 NKJV
13 Go immediately to King David and say to him, ‘Did you not, my lord, O king, swear to your maidservant, saying, “Assuredly your son Solomon shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’
1 Chronicles 22:9 NKJV
9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around. His name shall be Solomon, for I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days.
2 Samuel 12:9 NKJV
9 Why have you despised the commandment of the Lord, to do evil in His sight? You have killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword; you have taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the people of Ammon.
2 Samuel 12:24–25 NKJV
24 Then David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in to her and lay with her. So she bore a son, and he called his name Solomon. Now the Lord loved him, 25 and He sent word by the hand of Nathan the prophet: So he called his name Jedidiah, because of the Lord.
Yedı̂ydeyâh, yed-ee-deh-yaw’; from 3039 and 3050; beloved of Jah
1 Kings 1:14–20 NKJV
14 Then, while you are still talking there with the king, I also will come in after you and confirm your words.” 15 So Bathsheba went into the chamber to the king. (Now the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was serving the king.) 16 And Bathsheba bowed and did homage to the king. Then the king said, “What is your wish?” 17 Then she said to him, “My lord, you swore by the Lord your God to your maidservant, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne.’ 18 So now, look! Adonijah has become king; and now, my lord the king, you do not know about it. 19 He has sacrificed oxen and fattened cattle and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the sons of the king, Abiathar the priest, and Joab the commander of the army; but Solomon your servant he has not invited. 20 And as for you, my lord, O king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, that you should tell them who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.
1 Kings 1:21 NKJV
21 Otherwise it will happen, when my lord the king rests with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted as offenders.”
Deuteronomy 31:16 NKJV
16 And the Lord said to Moses: “Behold, you will rest with your fathers; and this people will rise and play the harlot with the gods of the foreigners of the land, where they go to be among them, and they will forsake Me and break My covenant which I have made with them.
Galatians 4:29 NKJV
29 But, as he who was born according to the flesh then persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, even so it is now.
1 Kings 1:22–25 NKJV
22 And just then, while she was still talking with the king, Nathan the prophet also came in. 23 So they told the king, saying, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And when he came in before the king, he bowed down before the king with his face to the ground. 24 And Nathan said, “My lord, O king, have you said, ‘Adonijah shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne’? 25 For he has gone down today, and has sacrificed oxen and fattened cattle and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons, and the commanders of the army, and Abiathar the priest; and look! They are eating and drinking before him; and they say, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’
1 Chronicles 22:9 NKJV
9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around. His name shall be Solomon, for I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days.
1 Samuel 10:24 NKJV
24 And Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see him whom the Lord has chosen, that there is no one like him among all the people?” So all the people shouted and said, “Long live the king!”
1 Kings 1:26 NKJV
26 But he has not invited me—me your servant—nor Zadok the priest, nor Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, nor your servant Solomon.
1 Kings 2:27 NKJV
27 So Solomon removed Abiathar from being priest to the Lord, that he might fulfill the word of the Lord which He spoke concerning the house of Eli at Shiloh.
1 Samuel 2:31 NKJV
31 Behold, the days are coming that I will cut off your arm and the arm of your father’s house, so that there will not be an old man in your house.
1 Kings 1:27–28 NKJV
27 Has this thing been done by my lord the king, and you have not told your servant who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?” 28 Then King David answered and said, “Call Bathsheba to me.” So she came into the king’s presence and stood before the king.
Daniel 12:13 CJB
13 But you, go your way until the end comes. Then you will rest and rise for your reward, at the end of days.”
Matthew 13:30–31 NKJV
30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.” ’ ” 31 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field,
1 Kings 1:29 NKJV
29 And the king took an oath and said, “As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my life from every distress,
2 Samuel 4:9 NKJV
9 But David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said to them, “As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my life from all adversity,
2 Samuel 12:5 NKJV
5 So David’s anger was greatly aroused against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As the Lord lives, the man who has done this shall surely die!
1 Kings 1:30–31 NKJV
30 just as I swore to you by the Lord God of Israel, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place,’ so I certainly will do this day.” 31 Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth, and paid homage to the king, and said, “Let my lord King David live forever!”
Nehemiah 2:3 NKJV
3 and said to the king, “May the king live forever! Why should my face not be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers’ tombs, lies waste, and its gates are burned with fire?”
Daniel 2:4 NKJV
4 Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic, “O king, live forever! Tell your servants the dream, and we will give the interpretation.”
1- Solidification of the Hebrew Dynasty
1 Kings 1:1 NKJV
1 Now King David was old, advanced in years; and they put covers on him, but he could not get warm.
Zaken baʾ ba-yamim (“old, advanced in years”)
Genesis 24:1 NKJV
1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in age; and the Lord had blessed Abraham in all things.
Galatians 4:22–31 NKJV
22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons: the one by a bondwoman, the other by a freewoman. 23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and he of the freewoman through promise, 24 which things are symbolic. For these are the two covenants: the one from Mount Sinai which gives birth to bondage, which is Hagar— 25 for this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children— 26 but the Jerusalem above is free, which is the mother of us all. 27 For it is written: “Rejoice, O barren, You who do not bear! Break forth and shout, You who are not in labor! For the desolate has many more children Than she who has a husband.” 28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise. 29 But, as he who was born according to the flesh then persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, even so it is now. 30 Nevertheless what does the Scripture say? “Cast out the bondwoman and her son, for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. 31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman but of the free.
Genesis 49:10 NKJV
10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor a lawgiver from between his feet, Until Shiloh comes; And to Him shall be the obedience of the people.
2 Samuel 7:12–13 NKJV
12 “When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.
2 Samuel 22:51 NKJV
51 He is the tower of salvation to His king, And shows mercy to His anointed, To David and his descendants forevermore.”
Matthew 1:1 NKJV
1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:
Luke 1:32–33 NKJV
32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. 33 And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.”
2- The Virgin for the Leader/ King
1 Kings 1:2 NKJV
2 Therefore his servants said to him, “Let a young woman, a virgin, be sought for our lord the king, and let her stand before the king, and let her care for him; and let her lie in your bosom, that our lord the king may be warm.”
Genesis 24:4 NKJV
4 but you shall go to my country and to my family, and take a wife for my son Isaac.”
1 Kings 1:4 NKJV
4 The young woman was very lovely; and she cared for the king, and served him; but the king did not know her.
Genesis 24:16 NKJV
16 Now the young woman was very beautiful to behold, a virgin; no man had known her. And she went down to the well, filled her pitcher, and came up.
1 Kings 1:2 NKJV
2 Therefore his servants said to him, “Let a young woman, a virgin, be sought for our lord the king, and let her stand before the king, and let her care for him; and let her lie in your bosom, that our lord the king may be warm.”
Genesis 24:20 NKJV
20 Then she quickly emptied her pitcher into the trough, ran back to the well to draw water, and drew for all his camels.
Genesis 24:67 NKJV
67 Then Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah’s tent; and he took Rebekah and she became his wife, and he loved her. So Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death.
The haftarah tells us
3- Sudden Appearance of the messenger of God
1 Kings 1:22 NKJV
22 And just then, while she was still talking with the king, Nathan the prophet also came in.
Genesis 24:15 NKJV
15 And it happened, before he had finished speaking, that behold, Rebekah, who was born to Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham’s brother, came out with her pitcher on her shoulder.
1 Kings 1:13 NKJV
13 Go immediately to King David and say to him, ‘Did you not, my lord, O king, swear to your maidservant, saying, “Assuredly your son Solomon shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’
Genesis 24:3 NKJV
3 and I will make you swear by the Lord, the God of heaven and the God of the earth, that you will not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell;
Genesis 24:4 NKJV
4 but you shall go to my country and to my family, and take a wife for my son Isaac.”
1 Kings 1:30 NKJV
30 just as I swore to you by the Lord God of Israel, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place,’ so I certainly will do this day.”
Genesis 25:6 NKJV
6 But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of the concubines which Abraham had; and while he was still living he sent them eastward, away from Isaac his son, to the country of the east.
1 Kings 1:30 NKJV
30 just as I swore to you by the Lord God of Israel, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place,’ so I certainly will do this day.”
Genesis 24:54 NKJV
54 And he and the men who were with him ate and drank and stayed all night. Then they arose in the morning, and he said, “Send me away to my master.”
Genesis 24:56 NKJV
56 And he said to them, “Do not hinder me, since the Lord has prospered my way; send me away so that I may go to my master.”
1 Kings 1:31 NKJV
31 Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth, and paid homage to the king, and said, “Let my lord King David live forever!”
Genesis 24:60 NKJV
60 And they blessed Rebekah and said to her: “Our sister, may you become The mother of thousands of ten thousands; And may your descendants possess The gates of those who hate them.”
Genesis 25:5 NKJV
5 And Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac.
4- Everyone will bow down to this King
1 Kings 1:16 NKJV
16 And Bathsheba bowed and did homage to the king. Then the king said, “What is your wish?”
1 Kings 1:23 NKJV
23 So they told the king, saying, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And when he came in before the king, he bowed down before the king with his face to the ground.
Genesis 23:7 NKJV
7 Then Abraham stood up and bowed himself to the people of the land, the sons of Heth.
Genesis 24:52 NKJV
52 And it came to pass, when Abraham’s servant heard their words, that he worshiped the Lord, bowing himself to the earth.
1 Kings 1:3 NKJV
3 So they sought for a lovely young woman throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunammite, and brought her to the king.
Genesis 25:1 NKJV
1 Abraham again took a wife, and her name was Keturah.
1 Kings 1:21 NKJV
21 Otherwise it will happen, when my lord the king rests with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted as offenders.”
Genesis 25:6 NKJV
6 But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of the concubines which Abraham had; and while he was still living he sent them eastward, away from Isaac his son, to the country of the east.
The Hebrew dynasty
CLOSING
Genesis 23:6 NKJV
6 “Hear us, my lord: You are a mighty prince among us; bury your dead in the choicest of our burial places. None of us will withhold from you his burial place, that you may bury your dead.”
Chiasm:
Chiasm Exchange 1 KINGS 1:24-35
Zaken baʾ ba-yamim (“old, advanced in years”)
1 Kings 1:1 NKJV
1 Now King David was old, advanced in years; and they put covers on him, but he could not get warm.
Genesis 24:1 NKJV
1 Now Abraham was old, well advanced in age; and the Lord had blessed Abraham in all things.
From one perspective,
See ‘zaken baʾ ba-yamim’ above
1 Kings 1:2 NKJV
2 Therefore his servants said to him, “Let a young woman, a virgin, be sought for our lord the king, and let her stand before the king, and let her care for him; and let her lie in your bosom, that our lord the king may be warm.”
Revelation 14:3 NKJV
They sang as it were a new song before the throne, before the four living creatures, and the elders; and no one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed from the earth.
Revelation 14:4 NKJV
4 These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These were redeemed from among men, being firstfruits to God and to the Lamb.
Go back to
1 Kings 1:3 NKJV
3 So they sought for a lovely young woman throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunammite, and brought her to the king.
2 Kings 4:8 NKJV
8 Now it happened one day that Elisha went to Shunem, where there was a notable woman, and she persuaded him to eat some food. So it was, as often as he passed by, he would turn in there to eat some food.
1 Kings 1:4 NKJV
4 The young woman was very lovely; and she cared for the king, and served him; but the king did not know her.
1 Kings 1:5 NKJV
5 Then Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I will be king”; and he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.
Isaiah 14:13 NKJV
13 For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation On the farthest sides of the north;
2 Samuel 15:1 NKJV
1 After this it happened that Absalom provided himself with chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him.
1 Kings 1:6 NKJV
6 (And his father had not rebuked him at any time by saying, “Why have you done so?” He was also very good-looking. His mother had borne him after Absalom.)
1 Kings 1:7 NKJV
7 Then he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they followed and helped Adonijah.
Deuteronomy 17:15 NKJV
15 you shall surely set a king over you whom the Lord your God chooses; one from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a foreigner over you, who is not your brother.
1 Chronicles 28:5 NKJV
5 And of all my sons (for the Lord has given me many sons) He has chosen my son Solomon to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel.
1 Kings 1:8–9 NKJV
8 But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David were not with Adonijah. 9 And Adonijah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fattened cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which is by En Rogel; he also invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants.
Galatians 4:29 NKJV
29 But, as he who was born according to the flesh then persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, even so it is now.
1 Chronicles 22:9 NKJV
9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around. His name shall be Solomon, for I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days.
1 Samuel 10:24 NKJV
24 And Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see him whom the Lord has chosen, that there is no one like him among all the people?” So all the people shouted and said, “Long live the king!”
1 Samuel 2:31 NKJV
31 Behold, the days are coming that I will cut off your arm and the arm of your father’s house, so that there will not be an old man in your house.
Daniel 12:13 NKJV
13 “But you, go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to your inheritance at the end of the days.
Daniel 12:13 CJB
13 But you, go your way until the end comes. Then you will rest and rise for your reward, at the end of days.”
Matthew 13:30–31 NKJV
30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.” ’ ” 31 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field,
1 Kings 1:29 NKJV
29 And the king took an oath and said, “As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my life from every distress,
CONCLUSION:
David’s Ultimate Successor
B’rit Chadashah
(Matthew 1:1–17)
Matthew 1:17 NKJV
17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generations.
David’s dynasty of kings and Avraham’s heir
Revelation 12:1 NKJV
1 Now a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a garland of twelve stars.
Revelation 17:3 NKJV
3 So he carried me away in the Spirit into the wilderness. And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.
Shabbat Shalom
Remember His Torah/ Live the Torah/ Teach the Torah
Related Media
See more
Related Sermons
See more