Exodus 1-2

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Intro- Last week we introduced the book of Exodus. Who wrote it? It is the second book of the Law also known as the…? Today we are going to look at the first two chapters.
Exodus 1:1–7 ESV
These are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob, each with his household: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. All the descendants of Jacob were seventy persons; Joseph was already in Egypt. Then Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. But the people of Israel were fruitful and increased greatly; they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong, so that the land was filled with them.
Do you remember from last week who Israel was? (Jacob)
V. 5 tells us that the number of the Israelites was 70 .
V. 7 tells us that they were fruitful, increased greatly, multiplied, grew exceedingly strong
This is part of a fulfilled promise of God to the patriarchs to make them a great nation. indicates there were likely over a million Israelites by the time of the Exodus.
The key verse in this text is V. 6. It shows us that much time has passed.
Exodus 1:8 ESV
Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.
V.8 tells us that not only have all the generation of Joseph died but now the new king did not know who Joseph was. The Israelites lost favor in the eyes of the Egyptians
V.10-14 - Details that they decided to enslave the Israelites.
Exodus 1:15–17 ESV
Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah, “When you serve as midwife to the Hebrew women and see them on the birthstool, if it is a son, you shall kill him, but if it is a daughter, she shall live.” But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded them, but let the male children live.
We spoke last week about the king sending out a decree to have all the baby boys murdered.
Notice V. 17- the midwives feared God (meaning they respected God) so they did not do what the king had asked. Is the life of a baby valuable in God’s eyes?
Exodus 1:22 ESV
Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, “Every son that is born to the Hebrews you shall cast into the Nile, but you shall let every daughter live.”
When Pharaoh didn’t get his way with the midwives he broadened the command to others. So now instead of two midwives, an entire nation was commanded to find Hebrew baby boys and throw them in the river.
Exodus 2:1–4 ESV
Now a man from the house of Levi went and took as his wife a Levite woman. The woman conceived and bore a son, and when she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him three months. When she could hide him no longer, she took for him a basket made of bulrushes and daubed it with bitumen and pitch. She put the child in it and placed it among the reeds by the river bank. And his sister stood at a distance to know what would be done to him.
Moses is born and the family can’t hide him anymore. So they developed a plan to keep him safe.
Exodus 2:5–10 ESV
5 Now the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river, while her young women walked beside the river. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her servant woman, and she took it. 6 When she opened it, she saw the child, and behold, the baby was crying. She took pity on him and said, “This is one of the Hebrews’ children.” 7 Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and call you a nurse from the Hebrew women to nurse the child for you?” 8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Go.” So the girl went and called the child’s mother. 9 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child away and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed him. 10 When the child grew older, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. She named him Moses, “Because,” she said, “I drew him out of the water.”
Pharoah’s daughter finds the baby, She takes pity on him and decides that she is going to have the baby cared for.
Moses kills the Egyptian task master then flees to Midian. He gets married and has a son.
Exodus 2:23–25 ESV
23 During those many days the king of Egypt died, and the people of Israel groaned because of their slavery and cried out for help. Their cry for rescue from slavery came up to God. 24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. 25 God saw the people of Israel—and God knew.
V.23- tells us that while Moses was in Midian (40 years) the king of Egypt died. The king who wanted him dead, is now dead.
V.23-25 tells us that God heard the prayers of His people, He knew their suffering, and He was about to act.
Big Picture Points:
You can’t fight against God.
The Egyptians decided to enslave God’s people. Notice their progression
Chapter 1:11 - They set task masters over them and made them build store cities.
V. 12 said the more they were oppressed the more they multiplied
V.13-14 tells us that they made them work harder. V.15 they commanded that male children be murdered.
God, through His providence saved Moses and cared for him in a creative way.
Ultimately, every effort to go against God’s people failed in the end.
God hears His people.
too often we go through life thinking that God doesn’t hear us or care for us. God hears you when you pray.
Moses is a foreshadowing of Jesus .
Both Moses and Jesus were born at times of persecution .
Both loved their people and gave up personal glory for them
Both Moses and Jesus, delivered God’s people
Moses offered to bear the burden of his people’s sin but was denied because he was a sinner
Exodus 32:32 ESV
32 But now, if you will forgive their sin—but if not, please blot me out of your book that you have written.”
Both Moses and Jesus, delivered God’s people
As we look at Moses, he was a good leader, he did great things. But he was still incapable of doing what God’s people needed most. Delivering from sins. As we study the Life of Moses, we see glimpses of Jesus, as well as a deeper understanding of our need for a savior that is not just a man.
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