SAY TO THE RIGHTEOUS
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This warning of judgment first focuses on the effect of a military defeat—where all traditional leadership has been removed. It then focuses on the social ramifications of the loss. The horror of war has a way of adjusting people’s priorities. The message of Isa 3:1–15 is directed toward the leaders of Judah, who are responsible for leading the people away from God. The focus of 3:16–4:1 is on the “daughters of Zion” and their financial and social loss in light of the removal of male leadership and husbands.
Isaiah’s ministry spanned the reigns of four kings of Judah during the eighth century BC. Little is known about his life, although the book does allude to him being a husband and father (Isa 8:3).
Much of Isaiah’s prophetic activity, recorded in Isa 1–39, relates to the Syro-Ephraimite War during the reign
The book of Isaiah addresses the problem of sin, showing the need for salvation. Isaiah is called by God to speak to the people of Judah and call attention to their wrongdoings—and the resulting judgment. But judgment is not the end of the story; the book also prophesies salvation and restoration. This hopeful picture is what made Isaiah such a compelling book to early Christians, who saw its ultimate fulfillment in Jesus.