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(Share Personal Testimony)
The Moody Bible Commentary a.
The Coming of the Spirit (2:1–4)
Pentecost means “fiftieth” because the Feast was on the 50th day after the Feast of First Fruits (Lv 23:16).
It was originally one of three harvest festivals, but in early (intertestamental) Judaism it was commemorated as the anniversary of the giving of the law at Mount Sinai because it was thought that God gave the law to Israel 50 days after the exodus.
Pentecost would come in May or June on our calendar.
It is possible that God gave the Holy Spirit on Pentecost to contrast with the law.
The law was an external means of restraining Israel from sin, but in the new era of the church, the Holy Spirit would provide internal power for believers to live righteously (Jr 31:33; Ezk 36:26–27).
David Brickner states: “Like all the biblical feasts that God gave to Israel, God intended Pentecost to help His people remember what He’d done in the past.
Remembering what He’d done in the past would help them recognize His continuing care in the present… and that’s what the people needed in order to put their hope in His promises for tomorrow.
God’s people today have the same need to remember what God has done, and that is why Pentecost is meaningful to both Jews and Gentiles who trust in Jesus.
Consider Luke’s narrative in Acts 2:1-13 of this event almost 2000 years ago...
The people in Jerusalem are gathering together to celebrate a festival!
A festival celebrating and remembering firstfruits… What no one could imagine, including the apostles, is the harvest that was to come with the coming of the Holy Spirit!
The Promise Fulfilled!
Verses 1-4 inform us of this miraculous coming… God’s timing is never by happenstance…
Passover event in Exodus… Christ death
Giving of the law… Imagery here with the indwelling power of the Spirit
First fruits celebration… with the harvest to come and the image Paul gives of Christ as the firstfruit of the Resurrection… SO MANY PICTURES !!!
God had promised this...
In the OT through his prophets like Joel, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and David and others
It had been promised by Christ as He walk among them and after His Resurrection
God had come to indwell believers… something the world had never experienced before!
God came with a noise… I think of Elijah and God wispered
When God whispered Elijah proclaimed!
When God announced His coming this time His followers each proclaimed!
We see here that there is an audible and visual representation of the coming Holy Spirit… Like tongues of fire!
God was making it known this was Him working, nothing short of a miracle!
Resting on each one there… these were already followers of Christ
There was a filling that occured here… like fire!
Have you allowed the Holy Spirit to consume you?
Fire does a purifying work, scripture speaks to this many places
Have you ever seen what happens with fire when wind comes with it… watch out!
Wind and fire has come and God is going to do an amazing work in and through His Church and Hell cannot stand in the way or stop it!
“they began to speak in other tongues” this was a work of the Spirit in them.
God’s Mighty Deeds Proclaimed
Verses 5-13 gives us a glimpse of how God set things up for His message to go forth...
These are devout religious Jews who come to see what the commotion is… they hear the noise too!
Imagine their surprise!!!
They are hearing their mother tongue… NOT the trade language of Greek but the language they were born with!
Most bibles have a world map in them… the nations, and peoples, and languages listed here encompass most of the known world at that time!
All there for the feast and celebration
Tongues over and over here in acts 2 are referencing spoken languages
The miracle is not in the hearing but in the speaking by those who are believers!
They are hearing these things and amazement and wonder consumes the people...
Two natural responses when we hear about God clearly
SOME… what does this mean… OTHERS… mock “they are tipsy”
Both groups need to hear the Gospel
The Gospel is Proclaimed!!!
Verses 14-36 Peter’s Powerful Proclamation (I love how verse 14 begins… “BUT PETER”)
Any number of excuses could have been given that day...
They didn't even listen to Jesus why me
I mess things up when I speak
I messed up, denied Christ, He can’t use me
They are already making fun of us, what’s the use… and on and on the list can go “BUT PETER!”
Using Scripture (God’s Word holds power people!!!) Peter shows that Jesus was the messiah the promised one...
Peter explains what they are seeing is not drunkeness but the fulfilled promise of the coming Spirit
In their midst scripture is being fulfilled
Verse 32… Peter states they are witnesses of Him risen.
Oh church the power of personal testimony!
The people were given God’s word, they heard His word… and God worked!
That day God built up His church...
The Response to the Gospel...
Repentance is needed 180 degree turn
Baptism… identifying with Christ
The Bible Knowledge Commentary 2:4 The Spirit’s baptism occurs once for each believer at the moment of salvation, but the Spirit’s filling may occur not only at salvation but also on a number of occasions after salvation
It is through Jesus only that comes the forgiveness of Sin
The Holy Spirit is not earned, it is a gift
Paul would make this clear in Ephesians 2:8-9
It is for everyone for ALL!!! (young, old, Jew, Gentile, slave, free)
It is not enough to hear His Word, one must receive it!
3000 did that day, God worked through His church… the fire of the Holy Spirit consumed the hearts of the people
The harvest was ready, and these were just the beginning!
Luke will show us how God’s Word about His Son would spread across the world
Devotion to teaching, learning, growing
Fellowship cannot be understated for the necessity of the believer’s walk with God
Remembering Him and Prayer...
DAY BY DAY...
Verse 47 closes with a powerful statement you and I need to remember… Acts 2:47
The Lord is doing the work of building His church
You and I are called to testify, to witness to others what He has done for us!
Day By Day… wow let’s begin to allow God to work in our lives Day by Day!
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