1 Samuel 1:21-28 & 2:1-11

Samuel  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  39:38
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What happened to Hannah’s heart?

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Last week we were introduced to book of Samuel...
Hannah - barren and broken
Today’s shift!!
The shift I want for you!!


Oh God our father in heaven holy is your name your kingdom come your will be done on earth as it is in heaven, please give us today our daily bread and forgive us our debts as we also have forgiven our debtors. Lead us not in to temptation but deliver us from the evil one.
God as we begin to read your word today help us to clear our hearts and minds and focus on you and on what your Spirit is telling us today. give us ears to hear and renew our hearts within us. have your way with us we pray oh God and direct us where we should go. we ask you to bless us as we look into your word in 1 Samuel today.

Message - 1 Sam 1:19-28 & 1 Sam 2:1-11

1 Samuel 1:19 ESV
19 They rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord; then they went back to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her.
Early In Morning
Elkanah knew Hannah
LORD remembers Hannah
1 Samuel 1:20 ESV
20 And in due time Hannah conceived and bore a son, and she called his name Samuel, for she said, “I have asked for him from the Lord.”
Samuel = asked of God?
1 Samuel 1:21 ESV
21 The man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the Lord the yearly sacrifice and to pay his vow.
his vow
Peninnah …
1 Samuel 1:22 ESV
22 But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “As soon as the child is weaned, I will bring him, so that he may appear in the presence of the Lord and dwell there forever.”
Did not go
1 Samuel 1:23 ESV
23 Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you; wait until you have weaned him; only, may the Lord establish his word.” So the woman remained and nursed her son until she weaned him.
The Right to Negate - Vow
LORD be established
1 Samuel 1:24 ESV
24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a skin of wine, and she brought him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh. And the child was young.
2-3 yrs
when boys went to be with Dad
took him along with the other sacrifices to God
not a trip of sorrow… one of vindication / victory / JOY
1 Samuel 1:25 ESV
25 Then they slaughtered the bull, and they brought the child to Eli.
1 Samuel 1:26 ESV
26 And she said, “Oh, my lord! As you live, my lord, I am the woman who was standing here in your presence, praying to the Lord.
Remembered by Eli
Remembered by God
1 Samuel 1:27 ESV
27 For this child I prayed, and the Lord has granted me my petition that I made to him.
1 Samuel 1:28 ESV
28 Therefore I have lent him to the Lord. As long as he lives, he is lent to the Lord.” And he worshiped the Lord there.
Hannah’s Song [1 Sam 2:1-11] = looking forward...
Davids Song = [2 Sam 22] = looking back…
Mary’s Song [Lk 1.46-55] …
bookends Samuel - lowly barren woman | the king of Israel
God’s Holy Sovereignty [1-3]
Reversal of Human Fortunes [4-5]
God’s Holy Sovereignty [6-7]
Reversal of Human Fortunes [8a]
God’s Holy Sovereignty [8b-10a]
Theme of Kingship [10b]
1 Samuel 2:1 ESV
1 And Hannah prayed and said, “My heart exults in the Lord; my horn is exalted in the Lord. My mouth derides my enemies, because I rejoice in your salvation.
Hannah’s Heart Shift
personal joy in her relationship to Yahweh!
neither herself / Samuel = God
horn = victorious
over Peninnah / Samuel
1 Samuel 2:2–3 ESV
2 “There is none holy like the Lord: for there is none besides you; there is no rock like our God. 3 Talk no more so very proudly, let not arrogance come from your mouth; for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
God is Beyond Compare
pride and arrogance are completely out of place with Him
the knowledge of God...
1 Samuel 2:4–5 ESV
4 The bows of the mighty are broken, but the feeble bind on strength. 5 Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread, but those who were hungry have ceased to hunger. The barren has borne seven, but she who has many children is forlorn.
God’s Reversal of Human Fortunes...
no respecter of persons …
Contrast Poetry… moving forward…
strong / weak
full / hungry
barren / fertal
dead / alive
sick / well
rich / poor
humble / exalted
Matthew 5:5 ESV
5 “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
In the Ears of Those Who Would Hear !!
Eli / Peninnah
Full Confidence in Yaweh!!
1 Samuel 2:6–7 ESV
6 The Lord kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up. 7 The Lord makes poor and makes rich; he brings low and he exalts.
God’s Holiness in His Power / Authority
life and death / resurrection
Job 14:14 ESV
14 If a man dies, shall he live again? All the days of my service I would wait, till my renewal should come.
Job 19:25 ESV
25 For I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last he will stand upon the earth.
1 Samuel 2:8–9 ESV
8 He raises up the poor from the dust; he lifts the needy from the ash heap to make them sit with princes and inherit a seat of honor. For the pillars of the earth are the Lord’s, and on them he has set the world. 9 “He will guard the feet of his faithful ones, but the wicked shall be cut off in darkness, for not by might shall a man prevail.
Saul / David
God as Creator
God as Sustainer
The God who created you is also able to make you stand!!
Ephesians 6:12 ESV
12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places.
1 Samuel 2:10 ESV
10 The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces; against them he will thunder in heaven. The Lord will judge the ends of the earth; he will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed.”
Hannah’s Prophetical Eschatology
ultimate victory - Genesis / Daniel / Revelation
God is the Judge … Book of Judges…
King to come = Saul = David = Jesus
Anointed = first time here in Sam…
horn - verse 1
1 Samuel 2:11 ESV
11 Then Elkanah went home to Ramah. And the boy was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli the priest.
Hannah & Elkanah = home
Samuel = ministering to Yahweh
in the face of Eli
The First Book of Samuel (6) “Theme of Kingship” (v. 10b)

In sum, the Song concludes with a two-fold plea for Yahweh — the incomparably holy one, the rock (v. 2), the truly knowledgeable one (v. 3), the lord of life and death (v. 6), the maker of rich and poor (v. 7), the greater demoter and promoter (v. 8) — to raise the king of Israel to a position of power and prominence worthy of the Great God who appointed him.

The NIV Application Commentary: 1 & 2 Samuel Hannah Fulfills Her Vow (1:21–28)

Having come to God with nothing, she now returns to Shiloh to give back that which means everything.

And does so in a heart of PRAISE!!!
How does this apply to you today?
You like Hannah are barren having come to God with nothing, He has given you everything in His Son Christ Jesus!!
this incomparably holy one, this god who has true knowledge of you, the God who is the only wise judge and will one day judge you, has raised for himself a king of power beyond the curse of the grave, who reigns forevermore, in order to bring the dead to life eternal
and He did so not begrudgingly but in a spirit of worship and praise


This is Hannah’s God, is this your God!?
dead in need of life?
sick in need of healing?
burdened in need of rest?
poor in need of riches?




HANNAH’S PRAYER HAS been answered. The Lord has given this wonderful woman a son, and she has dedicated him to God’s service in the tabernacle at Shiloh (ch. 1). Thus far we have only been given a hint of the problems in Shiloh itself. Eli the priest and his two sons were introduced in the previous unit (1:3, 9), but their characters have not yet been described. Eli’s inability to discern the nature of Hannah’s prayer may ironically and subtly tell us something about him (1:12–14). But in chapter 2 we learn that the venerable old priestly family at Shiloh is exceedingly corrupt. In fact, the next two chapters reveal the bleak spiritual condition of the nation Israel itself. Official religious leadership is corrupt beyond hope (2:12–17, 22–25), and the nation has no access to a reforming prophetic message (3:1). It is to such a world that Samuel has been given for service.

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