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Things to come
As we come into Mark chapter 13 we come to one of the most difficult sections of scripture to grasp and have full understanding of.
As we start this study, may we remember that this is not a salvation issue but history and prophesy issue.
Challenges of this chapter
Jewish mindset for time spoken
This is one of the most Jewish chapters in the Bible.
The things that are written were very familiar to the Jews of that day.
This comes from Jewish history and Jewish ideas.
This chapter must be looked at within the Jewish background that it is set.
Wide differences in interpretations
There are views that believe this section is 100% about the Day of the Lord when the Lord returns.
There are views that believe it is about the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70
There are those who believe that it is interwoven about both events
Is this prophesy that is fulfilled; or prophesy to be fulfilled?
I will try to present the evidence and you can draw a conclusion
As we do this study over next couple of weeks
What does this mean to us today?
There are things we can learn from this chapter and things we can apply from this chapter too so may we learn some truth and application along the way.
(Day of the Lord)
Day of the Lord, what is it?
Has it come, is it to come?
Is it one day, or is it multiple days?
Day of the Lord Jewish mindset
Day of the Lord, a few scriptures
Day of the lord is day of judgment in the Jewish mindset.
Day of Judgment against others.
The Jewish mindset was they knew they were God’s chosen people, they never doubted that they would inhabit the land that was promised to Abraham, they thought they would have it until the end, so they are looking at judgment against other nations that were against them.
Now look at what Isaiah ways.
This is judgment that was coming, day of the Lord
You can read in Joel2-3
A day of the Lord coming then, and a prophetic view of what was to come too.
and in you can see part of what is found in Act2!
In case you are wondering it in Joel2:28ff.
I think you can see that “the day of the Lord” is more than “a day” but it is days of judgment.
Having said all that, today want to look at our passage, with some interwoven , the parallel passage at the:
Setting of the Olivet discourse (Mk13:1-4)
The Olivet discourse (Mk13:5-13)
Signs, prophesy or fulfilled (Mk13:14-23)
The Setting
We have already established the view from the Jewish mindset for the time.
So, as we look at the setting now may we look at The Words of Jesus, the prophesy of Jesus as well as the questions from the disciples.
What do you see, what do you notice, what sticks out to you?
We are talking about the setting, we already have the background, so to get the setting we need to look back at other passages and over at some others.
I think it would be best if we briefly cover and you can look, study in depth on your own.
The words of Jesus in the temple
States, depicts Israel’s rejection of Him
Parable of vinedresser (Mk12:1-12; Mt21:33-46)
Parable of the vinedresser, anyone remember what that one is about?
Vinedresser plants and prepares everything needed for harvest
Vinegrowers kill the slaves of the vinedresser (prophets) and even the son in hopes of taking the inheritance for themselves
This was a condemnation against the Pharisee’s
Parable of two sons (Mt21:28-32)
Two son’s one asked to go into the field, said would go but did not go
Other son said no to going into the field, but went.
This was a condemnation against the chief priest and elders of the people.
Parable of wedding feast (Mt22:1-14)
This is another section with condemnation against the Pharasee’s scribes and Jews in general.
These are all great passages to check out, read and see how they work into the setting of the Olivet discourse but there is much more to go today and I want us to be able to focus on the discourse itself, eventually.
Jesus condemnation of scribes and Pharisees
The pretentious scribes (Mk12:38-40)
Wanting to look good on the outside, when the inside is still not right.
Matthews account is more elaborate (Mt23:1-36)
Pharisees would fill up the measure of fathers’ guilt (Mt23:29-32)
In the midst of the “woe” statements just after the whitewashed tombs, to passage condemning them for words and actions don’t match and their hypocrisy.
The extremes they went to (Mt23:33-36)
And this passage I cannot pass by, we need to look at it, so turn in Mt23:33
What do you see, what do you notice, what sticks out to you?
What is the condemnations result here (v.33)
Why the condemnation (vv.34-35)?
Jesus lamentation over Jerusalem (Mt23:37-39)
Jesus laments over Jerusalem overlooking it and He foresees the destruction of it on a “day of the Lord” event (implied).
The destruction does come in AD70.
Prophecy of Jesus regarding the temple
Temple admired (Mk13:1)
Temple condemned (Mk13:2)
Temple condemned (Mk13:2)
The questions regarding the temple (Mk13:3-4)
I think we need to stop here for a couple of minutes and unpack (vv.3-4)
(mt of olives view)
Who was with Jesus at this time (v.3)?
What was the question (v.4)?
What is “these things”?
In looking at context could “these things” be anything else?
In Lk21:7, parallel, it is worded just about the same as far as statement and question, in Matthew it is a little differant
What is the difference here (v.3)?
Do you think it has significance?
Point to ponder:
Matthew is writing to a Jewish audience, the Jewish mindset here would be a judgment against Israel, against Jerusalem and and end to the Jewish age.
The end of the age actually began at the death of Jesus making the old testament covenant obsolete, the fulness of the end happens in AD70, but here is a couple of scriptures to consider about the end of the age and end of the covenant.
I believe we have discussed before about when a covenant is agreed to and for it to be ratified something had to die for it is ratified by the blood and there is no changing it.
It disappears in AD70 when the prophesy of Jesus is fulfilled and there is no way for them to worship in the OT ways.
I think you can clearly see that the subject at hand in the Olivet discourse is the destruction of the temple and not the 2nd coming of Christ
The Olivet Discourse
Whereas, as mentioned before, there are varying views on this passage, there are things we can learn, glean from it.
What will not be the sign, what will be the sign, what to do when you see the sign.
I am presenting this with the view of the subject being addressed in the Jewish mindset at the time being the destruction of the temple.
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