God: The Father 1

Guided By The Truth  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  35:54
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What do you believe about God? What God do you serve?



Guided By The Truth - Theology Proper = Study of God
Exodus 3:14 ESV
14 God said to Moses, “I am who I am.” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel: ‘I am has sent me to you.’ ”
Walter Charles Smith - Immortal Invisible God Only Wise
Biblical Doctrine: A Systematic Summary of Bible Truth Chapter 3: God the Father: Theology Proper

Immortal, invisible, God only wise,

In light inaccessible hid from our eyes,

Most blessed, most glorious, the Ancient of Days,

Almighty, victorious—Thy great Name we praise.

God our Father, Son, Spirit… We want to know you more!!


The Triune God

Trinitarian = belief in the triune God
Father / Son / Spirit
One God = Three Persons
Trinity = Not in Bible / Principle = clear in scripture
Deut 6:4 - Mark 12:29
Mark 12:29 ESV
29 Jesus answered, “The most important is, ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
Genesis 1:26 ESV
26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
Biblical Doctrine: A Systematic Summary of Bible Truth Personal Distinctions

1. Creation and preservation

a. Through the Son (John 1:3, 10; Col. 1:16–17; 1 Cor. 8:6; Heb. 1:2–3, 10)

b. Through the Spirit (Gen. 1:2; Job 26:13; 32:8; 33:4; 34:14–15; Ps. 104:30)

2. Redemption

a. Through the Father (1 Chron. 17:21; Isa. 63:16; Gal. 4:4–5)

b. Through the Spirit (Heb. 9:14; Rom. 8:11)

3. Sanctification

a. Through the Father (John 17:17; 1 Thess. 5:23)

b. Through the Son (1 Cor. 1:30; Eph. 5:25–27)

The biblical view of God is the trinitarian view of God

Names of God

Yahweh-tsabaoth = The LORD of hosts
Yahweh-yireh = The LORD who provides
Yahweh-rophe = The LORD is healer
Yahweh-nissi = The LORD my banner
Yahweh-meqaddishkem = The LORD who sanctifies
Yahweh-shalom = The LORD is peace
Yahweh-roiy = The LORD my shepherd
Yahweh-tsidkenu = The Lord our righteousness
Yahweh-shammah = The LORD IS
El / Elohim
El-shaddai = God Almighty
El-elyon = God Most High
El-olam = God Everlasting
El-khay =
Adoni / Rock / Ab
Lord / Rock / Father
How might these names reflect an attribute of God? How do they help form our view of who God is?

Attributes of God

Incommunicable / Communicable = shared and unshared …
Incommunicable - uniquely characterizing of God
Communicable - shared with parts of His creation, like us!

Incommunicable Attributes

Independence - God does not need us or the rest of creation for anything, yet we and the rest of creation can glorify him and bring him joy.
Romans 11:36 ESV
36 For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.
Job 22:2–3 ESV
2 “Can a man be profitable to God? Surely he who is wise is profitable to himself. 3 Is it any pleasure to the Almighty if you are in the right, or is it gain to him if you make your ways blameless?
How can you rejoice because of this truth?
Immutability - God is perfect in his unchangeability of essence, character, purpose, and promises.
Psalm 102:25–27 ESV
25 Of old you laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. 26 They will perish, but you will remain; they will all wear out like a garment. You will change them like a robe, and they will pass away, 27 but you are the same, and your years have no end.
James 1:17 ESV
17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.
How does this impact your daily life?
Infinitude - God has no beginning, end, or succession of moments in his own being, and he sees all time equally vividly, yet God sees events in time and acts in time.
Genesis 1:1 ESV
1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.
Job 36:26 ESV
26 Behold, God is great, and we know him not; the number of his years is unsearchable.
1 Timothy 1:17 ESV
17 To the King of the ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.
How should this shape how we respond to Him?
Omniscience - God has perfect knowledge of himself, all actual things outside of himself, as well as all possibilities should His will be exerted.
1 Kings 8:39 ESV
39 then hear in heaven your dwelling place and forgive and act and render to each whose heart you know, according to all his ways (for you, you only, know the hearts of all the children of mankind),
Matthew 10:30 ESV
30 But even the hairs of your head are all numbered.
How should this affect you today?
Omnipresence - God is perfectly present with himself, transcending all limitation of space, and yet present with every point of space with all that he is.
Isaiah 66:1 ESV
1 Thus says the Lord: “Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool; what is the house that you would build for me, and what is the place of my rest?
Romans 8:9 ESV
9 You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him.
How should this give you peace, joy and hope?
Omnipotence - God’s omnipotence describes his ability to do anything consistent with his nature.
Genesis 18:14 ESV
14 Is anything too hard for the Lord? At the appointed time I will return to you, about this time next year, and Sarah shall have a son.”
Romans 1:20 ESV
20 For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.
Revelation 19:1 ESV
1 After this I heard what seemed to be the loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, crying out, “Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God,
How do you need to apply this truth in your life?
Unity/Simplicity - God’s simplicity is his indivisibility, his perfect lack of composition. This means that each of and all his perfections are his essence.
Deuteronomy 5:9 ESV
9 You shall not bow down to them or serve them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,
1 John 4:8 ESV
8 Anyone who does not love does not know God, because God is love.
How does this change your view of God?
Perfection - The perfection of God speaks not only of his moral perfection—that is, that he is perfectly holy, just, and good—but also that God is the sum total of all conceivable perfections.
Deuteronomy 32:4 ESV
4 “The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.
Matthew 5:48 ESV
48 You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
How does this truth apply to you?

“Communicable” Attributes

Spirituality & invisibility - God’s invisibility means that God’s total essence, all of his spiritual being, will never be able to be seen by us, yet God still shows himself to us through visible, created things.
Exodus 33:20 ESV
20 But,” he said, “you cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live.”
John 4:24 ESV
24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”
Romans 1:20 ESV
20 For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse.
Colossians 1:15–16 ESV
15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. 16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him.
Because He is invisible we cannot see Him but because we are spiritual we can know Him.
Wisdom & Knowledge - God’s wisdom means that God always chooses the best goals and the best means to those goals.
Romans 11:33 ESV
33 Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!
Proverbs 9:10 ESV
10 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight.
James 1:5 ESV
5 If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him.
He is and gives knowledge and wisdom.
Truthfulness & Faithfulness - God’s truthfulness means that he is the true God, and that all his knowledge and words are both true and the final standard of truth.
Exodus 34:6 ESV
6 The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness,
John 17:17 ESV
17 Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.
God is the standard for truth and is therefore always faithful.
Goodness - The goodness of God means that God is the final standard of good, and that all that God is and does is worthy of approval.
Psalm 34:8 ESV
8 Oh, taste and see that the Lord is good! Blessed is the man who takes refuge in him!
Mark 10:18 ESV
18 And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone.
James 1:17 ESV
17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.
God is Good.
Love - God’s love means that God eternally gives of himself to others.
Deuteronomy 4:37 ESV
37 And because he loved your fathers and chose their offspring after them and brought you out of Egypt with his own presence, by his great power,
John 15:13 ESV
13 Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends.
John 3:16 ESV
16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
1 John 4:16 ESV
16 So we have come to know and to believe the love that God has for us. God is love, and whoever abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him.
God is Love.
Grace - God’s grace means God’s goodness toward those who deserve only punishment.
Unmerited Favor = Getting what you don’t deserve!
Ephesians 2:8 ESV
8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,
God’s grace is not dependent on you. God’s grace is greater than your sin.
Mercy - God’s mercy means God’s goodness toward those in misery and distress.
Unearned Forgiveness = Not getting what you do deserve!
Lamentations 3:22 ESV
22 The steadfast love of the Lord never ceases; his mercies never come to an end;
Romans 11:30 ESV
30 For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience,
Hebrews 4:16 ESV
16 Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
God’s mercy knows no bounds.
Patience - God’s patience means God’s goodness in withholding of punishment toward those who sin over a period of time.
Numbers 14:18 ESV
18 ‘The Lord is slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, forgiving iniquity and transgression, but he will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, to the third and the fourth generation.’
2 Peter 3:9 ESV
9 The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance.
God is patience.
Peace & Order - God’s peace means that in God’s being and in his actions he is separate from all confusion and disorder, yet he is continually active in innumerable well-ordered, fully controlled, simultaneous actions.
Shalom = Peace = Wholeness
1 Corinthians 14:33 ESV
33 For God is not a God of confusion but of peace. As in all the churches of the saints,
John 14:27 ESV
27 Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your hearts be troubled, neither let them be afraid.
God is the God of order.
Righteousness & Justice - God’s righteousness means that God always acts in accordance with what is right and is himself the final standard of what is right.
He is the standard of ...
Deuteronomy 4:8 ESV
8 And what great nation is there, that has statutes and rules so righteous as all this law that I set before you today?
James 4:12 ESV
12 There is only one lawgiver and judge, he who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge your neighbor?
He is the dispenser of …
Isaiah 3:10–11 ESV
10 Tell the righteous that it shall be well with them, for they shall eat the fruit of their deeds. 11 Woe to the wicked! It shall be ill with him, for what his hands have dealt out shall be done to him.
Romans 12:19 ESV
19 Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.”
God is right and just.
Holiness - God’s holiness is his inherent and absolute greatness, in which he is perfectly distinct above everything outside himself and is absolutely morally separate from sin.


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