Coexist: Righteousness & Mercy
Just & Unwilling
Just & Unwilling
Matthew 1:19 (ESV)
19 And her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly.
What does it mean for Joseph to be a just man and yet unwilling to put her to shame?
He wanted to fulfill the law and show compassion
His adopted son will do both in full
Jesus is coming into a home that is characterized by righteousness according to the law, and compassion, according to the heart of God
Had Joseph been around for the crucifixion, he may have been one who understood the perfect intersection of law and mercy in the cross.
Matthew 1:20 (ESV)
20 But as he considered these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.
Why did the angel refer to Joseph as the son of David?
1. He literally was of the line of David and David was promised a son on his eternal throne
2 Sam. 7:12-16
12 When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, 15 but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.’ ”
2. Like David, Joseph understands holiness & grace.
declares His mission
Matthew 1:21 (ESV)
21 She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.”
How will He accomplish this?
Isaiah 53:4-6, 10-12
Because He came and accomplished this He now makes constant intercession on behalf of His people
24 For Christ has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf.
1 John 2:1
1 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.
33 Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. 34 Who is to condemn? Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us.