Joel 2 - The Spirit

Keith Kneeshaw
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Scripture Intro:

Context of our passage...
Joel 2:12–13 (ESV)
“Yet even now,” declares the Lord, “return to me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning; and rend your hearts and not your garments.”
Joel 2:12–13 (ESV)
Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love; and he relents over disaster.
Remember that in in v. 18 God declares his mercy on his people.
Drives out enemies
Restores rain to the land
Plants and trees will again flourish.
But our passage,
God declares another aspect of the promised restoration.
Scripture Reading (“Please stand…”)
Joel 2:28 ESV
“And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions.
Joel 2:29 ESV
Even on the male and female servants in those days I will pour out my Spirit.
Joel 2:30 ESV
“And I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke.
Joel 2:31 ESV
The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.
Joel 2:32 ESV
And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those who escape, as the Lord has said, and among the survivors shall be those whom the Lord calls.


The Promise of the Spirit

(v. 28-29)
OT references:
Isaiah 32:14–15 ESV
For the palace is forsaken, the populous city deserted; the hill and the watchtower will become dens forever, a joy of wild donkeys, a pasture of flocks; until the Spirit is poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, and the fruitful field is deemed a forest.
Isaiah 44:3–4 ESV
For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour my Spirit upon your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants. They shall spring up among the grass like willows by flowing streams.
Ezekiel 36:27–28 ESV
And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules. You shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers, and you shall be my people, and I will be your God.
Jesus promises the Spirit to come. (In John)
Acts 1:8 ESV
But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”
Mistaken Thoughts:
To read this promise as “give you the Holy Spirit,
b/c he is not here now.”
This is mistaken.
“The Holy Spirit was not active in the OT.”
Or “that the Holy Spirit did not indwell believers in the OT.”
Though the Old Testament said much about the Spirit’s activity in
Creation (e.g., Gen. 1:2; Ps. 33:6),
revelation (e.g., Isa. 61:1–6; Mic. 3:8),
enabling for service (e.g., Exod. 31:2–6; Judg. 6:34; 15:14–15; Isa. 11:2), and
inward renewal (e.g., Ps. 51:10–12; Ezek. 36:25–27),
This also makes sense in light of Jesus’ conversation with Nicodemus
John 3
John 3:3 ESV
Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”
John 3:4 ESV
Nicodemus said to him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?”
John 3:5 ESV
Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.
John 3:6 ESV
That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
But Nicodemus is confused.
John 3:9–10 ESV
Nicodemus said to him, “How can these things be?” Jesus answered him, “Are you the teacher of Israel and yet you do not understand these things?
John 3:16 ESV
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
John 3:17 ESV
For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him.

The Pouring Out of the Spirit

What is the pouring out of the Spirit?
And does this have anything to do for us?
Acts 2:1 ESV
When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place.
Acts 2:2–3 ESV
And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them.
Acts 2:4 ESV
And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.
What is going on?
Acts 2:15–17 (ESV)
For these people are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day. But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel: “ ‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh...
OT Harvest Festival
Feast of Weeks
The Early Church. In the early church pentēkostḗ is used for the 50 days of rejoicing that begin with Easter. Since Easter is always kept on Sunday, the seven weeks end on a Sunday too. During this period there are no fasts, prayer is offered standing, catechumens are baptized, and thoughts are directed to the last things, so that pentēkostḗ can be regarded as a sign of the heavenly kingdom, to which Christ has already ascended as the firstfruits of the harvest.
The purpose of this feast was to commemorate the completion of the grain harvest.
Interesting how this is the immediate context of Joel as well.
Restored crops and rain.
At first, God would send the needed rains, but afterward he would send a downpour of his Holy Spirit.”
Fulfills Num. 11:29
Numbers 11:29 ESV
But Moses said to him, “Are you jealous for my sake? Would that all the Lord’s people were prophets, that the Lord would put his Spirit on them!”
Acts 10:45 ESV
And the believers from among the circumcised who had come with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the Holy Spirit was poured out even on the Gentiles.
App. Worldwide evangelism
We speak the word empowered by the Spirit.

The Perspective of the Spirit

In Joel, “afterward”
In Acts 2, “in the last days”
Joel 2:28 (ESV)
“And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh...
Acts 2:17 (ESV)
“ ‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh...
The outpouring of the Spirit is the beginning of the last days.
And this is the time when Jesus is not on earth, nor in the grave...
he is enthroned in heaven...
reigning over all things.
What is different?
Jesus has come, died, and rose from the dead.
It is the Spirit that points to Jesus and makes him known.
John 16:13 ESV
When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come.
John 16:14 ESV
He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you.
Not simply holding on.
Living in the Hope of the Resurrection
His resurrection is the pattern of God at work.
Reframes our view of life.
Closing Song:
“Only a Holy God”
Let’s worship him...
No one else like him.

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