Jesus and the Samaritan woman - Pt. I

So that you may believe - Gospel of John  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  1:15:05
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Jesus was very intentional in the things he did. John was very intentional in the things he wrote, recorded about what Jesus said and did. In this chapter, this is part I and we will focus on setting the stage so you can see the intentionality John used to make some important points about personal evangelism.
According to Mt28:19, we are all to evangelize
Mt28:19 “19 “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,”
Another example is seen in 1Pt2:9
1 Peter 2:9 NASB95
9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;
Now in honesty, most people feel awkward, uncomfortable in trying to share the Good News with others
Or, maybe struggle with how to establish connections, contacts to share the good news with.
This chapter is all about some great lessons on personal evangelism, all from Jesus the master teacher. In this chapter we will see seven principles for personal evangelism, and some other things along the way.
Tonight we will look at a portion of the passage, really setting the stage for Jesus and the Samaritan woman.
So, get engaged with God’s word with me and lets glean,learn, discover together some tools that may help us.

Setting the text

We have been at this awhile, we look and glean from the text, discuss the text, then we break down the text, so let’s start by looking at the text.
John 4:1–2 NASB95
1 Therefore when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John 2 (although Jesus Himself was not baptizing, but His disciples were),
John 4:3–4 NASB95
3 He left Judea and went away again into Galilee. 4 And He had to pass through Samaria.
John 4:5–6 NASB95
5 So He came to a city of Samaria called Sychar, near the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph; 6 and Jacob’s well was there. So Jesus, being wearied from His journey, was sitting thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour.
John 4:7–8 NASB95
7 There came a woman of Samaria to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give Me a drink.” 8 For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.
John 4:9 NASB95
9 Therefore the Samaritan woman said to Him, “How is it that You, being a Jew, ask me for a drink since I am a Samaritan woman?” (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.)
What do you notice, see in this passage?
Are there any words that need to be defined?
Can you answer the who, what, where, why and how questions?
Now, together let’s glean from the text and see if some of those questions are answered.
Why did Jesus leave Judea (vv.1-2)?
You have to make an assumption here, it is not clearly stated, the the setting is.
Where did Jesus go, and how did he decide to go (vv.3-4)?
He was going to Galilee
He went through Samaria to get there.
Is there any significance to the place Jesus stopped (vv.5-6)?
He was wearied from the journey and stopped at the place of Jacobs well.
Who is now introduced to the picture at the well (v.7)?
A woman of Samaria
What opportunity arose in (v.9)?
She asked Jesus a question, so it opened the door for dialog with her.
(Transition) Now for us to understand more of this portion of scripture we need the back story, the history, the setting so now we will look at that.

The backstory, the history

Oftentimes when we are told a story it makes perfect sense to the storyteller but the recipient may not get everything unless it is explained out to them. So a historical look at the backstory on this will help us.
(Insert Map of Palestine picture here)
Palestine stretches 120 miles long from North to south.
There are three distinct sections within the territory
Judea to the extreme south
Galilee to the extreme north
Samaria in between them.
Jesus is leaving the south to go to the home base for him, Galilee. He is leaving for He did not want there to be a conflict with the Pharisee’s over baptism. See John and Jesus (well his disciples according to v.2) were both baptizing.
(Insert Routes to Galilee picture here)
Leaving Judea there were three routes to get to Galilee. Two of them avoided going through Samaria.
The coastal route
The Eastern on the other side of Jordan
The Samarian route
There was a long standing feud between the Jews and the Samaritans (about 727 B.C.)
The 10 northern tribes were taken into captivity by the Assyrians and what was left inter-mixed with the others that were planted in Palestine. The Jews were no longer pure and the Samaritans came into being and the problems started when the Jews return from captivity .
Jews would not interact or even talk to Samaritans and would go around Samaria via the coastal route or the Eastern route on other side of the Jordan.
Just outside of Sychar was the place of Jacob’s well-19, (Gen33:18, 48:22; Josh24:32)
Jacob bought the land for the well (Gen33:18-19)
Jacob bequeathed it to Joseph (Gen48:22)
Joseph upon his death was taken back from Egypt and buried there (Jos24:32)
Jesus was on a divine timetable and expediency was what was needed, the most direct path was through Samaria
The divine timetable was to set for a divine appointment with an unlikely person (Samaritan woman) at an unlikely time (12:00; not normal time to draw water) and unlikely place (at a well that was 1/2 mile from her home where she could have gotten water closer).
Jesus was no respecter of persons. He previously met with a religious, moral Jew, now he is going to meet with an immoral Samaritan woman.
(Transition) as we work through this chapter (vv1.26) in several weeks, notice the how things change with the woman, how Jesus evangelism changes her and how her change impacted others.
Now, may we look at personal evangelism from what we have in our passage already?
Jesus and personal evangelism
We need to connect/contact people socially. (Jn4;7; Lk5:29-32)
Look at Jn4:7 “7 There came a woman of Samaria to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give Me a drink.””
look at this
Luke 5:29–30 NASB95
29 And Levi gave a big reception for Him in his house; and there was a great crowd of tax collectors and other people who were reclining at the table with them. 30 The Pharisees and their scribes began grumbling at His disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?”
Luke 5:31–32 NASB95
31 And Jesus answered and said to them, “It is not those who are well who need a physician, but those who are sick. 32 “I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.”
When the church is not growing, when people are not coming to Christ it is oftentimes because we are not going to the people.
We cannot sow seed from within the church (barn), it is sown outside of the building and watered oftentimes within the building and the home.
Hag2:19 “19 ‘Is the seed still in the barn? Even including the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate and the olive tree, it has not borne fruit. Yet from this day on I will bless you.’ ”” - Let’s take the seed and scatter it in our community, but it takes lot’s of sowers to do it.
We need to connect/contact people socially. (Jn4;7; Lk5:29-32)
Don’t confuse separation with isolation (2Cor6:14-18; Jn17:15; 1Cor5:9-11)
Of course we are not to hang out with immoral people, we are called to be separate
2 Corinthians 6:14–15 NASB95
14 Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness? 15 Or what harmony has Christ with Belial, or what has a believer in common with an unbeliever?
2 Corinthians 6:16–17 NASB95
16 Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; just as God said, “I will dwell in them and walk among them; And I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 17 “Therefore, come out from their midst and be separate,” says the Lord. And do not touch what is unclean; And I will welcome you.
2 Corinthians 6:18 NASB95
18 “And I will be a father to you, And you shall be sons and daughters to Me,” Says the Lord Almighty.
This does not mean that we isolate ourselves from them, for we cannot impact them if we never interact with them.
Think about Christ’s prayer to the Father
John 17:15 NASB95
15 “I do not ask You to take them out of the world, but to keep them from the evil one.
or later the words of Paul
1COr5:9-11 “9 I wrote you in my letter not to associate with immoral people; 10 I did not at all mean with the immoral people of this world, or with the covetous and swindlers, or with idolaters, for then you would have to go out of the world. 11 But actually, I wrote to you not to associate with any so-called brother if he is an immoral person, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or a swindler—not even to eat with such a one.”
If we withdraw from the world we cannot impact the world for Jesus. We need to be ready to share the Good News, the Gospel and fulfill the command of God to “go unto all the world.” (see Mt28:19).
We need to connect/contact people socially. (Jn4;7; Lk5:29-32)
Don’t confuse separation with isolation (2Cor6:14-18; Jn17:15; 1Cor5:9-11)
Look for opportunities for social contact (Mk16:15)
Where do you think you can look for opportunities for social contact?
Community centers
Even at home with friends and family
Some who are closest to us may be the hardest to reach, but are reachable
Mt13:54-58 “54 He came to His hometown and began teaching them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said, “Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers? 55 “Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary, and His brothers, James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? 56 “And His sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this man get all these things?” 57 And they took offense at Him. But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown and in his own household.” 58 And He did not do many miracles there because of their unbelief.”
So don’t get discouraged think of Jn7:5 “5 For not even His brothers were believing in Him.”
The command is pretty straight forward in Mt28, and also in Mk16.
Mark 16:15 NASB95
15 And He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.
(Transition) so from contacting and connecting socially, now we turn to common interest.

Coming to common interest

Common interests create a bridge between people, look at the common interest and how Jesus uses it in these verses.
John 4:7–8 NKJV
7 A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give Me a drink.” 8 For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.
What was the common interest?
What did the common interest do?
It opened a conversation between two unlikely people in an unlikely place at an unlikely time
We continue to see the humanity of Jesus, he was wearied (v.6) and thirsty (v.7)
It is not always easy to build a dialogue, especially when it comes to spiritual matters. It is easy to talk about the weather, or in this case water, but this is a lead to what Jesus wants to talk about, spiritual matters, living water.
Use common interest to open a conversation, a dialogue and allow the Lord to lead the conversation.
What type of common interests do you think you can use to start a conversation with someone?
Don’t feel rushed to get to spiritual things, allow God to lead you. You just establish and open a dialogue. Nurture the common interest, build a rapport which can lead you to our last point tonight.

Arouse spiritual interest

There are several ways we can arouse spiritual interest, we will not finish this tonight but will touch on it.
John 4:9–10 NASB95
9 Therefore the Samaritan woman said to Him, “How is it that You, being a Jew, ask me for a drink since I am a Samaritan woman?” (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) 10 Jesus answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.”
Do it by your actions, Jesus did. by asking for a drink (v.7)
He a Jew spoke to a Samaritan
He a Jewish male, speaking to a woman, much less a Samaritan woman.
He as a rabbi, a teacher speaking to an immoral woman
He aroused interest just by speaking to her.
It led to her question to him, and his response (v.10) and we will pick up on that response more next week, but first here is another passage toconsider
1 Peter 3:1–2 NASB95
1 In the same way, you wives, be submissive to your own husbands so that even if any of them are disobedient to the word, they may be won without a word by the behavior of their wives, 2 as they observe your chaste and respectful behavior.
IT’s not just a man thing, it is a woman thing. It is not always by words, it is by action too. That can lead to sharing the hope in you!
1 Peter 3:15 NASB95
15 but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence;
(Prayer) (Exit)
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