Prequel to Saviors that fail: When: Israel was in slavery for 400 years. Then Moses led the Exodus into the desert. His successor, Joshua, let them into the promised land. The 12 tribes of Israel came from Jacob’s (aka Israel) 12 sons. Judah is the star of the show, mostly. Or is God? The “Judges” didn’t judge in a courtroom. They were “deliverers” or “saviors”. The Canaanites were the people living in the promised land when the 12 tribes of Israel got there. The various “-ites” (like Perizzites) can be thought of as sub-tribes of Canaanites. Last week on Saviors that fail: Ehud killed a fat king and the Lord gave Israel peace for 80 years. This week on Saviors that fail: Application →The Lord is gracious. The Lord is worthy of praise. God uses good and bad women. God uses weak men. Glory is God’s alone. .... And will someone finally tell Spain about the Light of the world??? Judges 4-5 Christian Standard Bible (CSB) Deborah and Barak 4 The Israelites again did The evil The author has defined “the evil” several times: following other gods. In Deuteronomy, “the evil” always meant following other gods and doing the terrible things that result. “Evil” is murder/theft/adultery but “the evil” is violating the first commandment—"I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of slavery. Do not have other gods besides me.” what was evil in the sight of the LORD after Ehud had died. 2 So the LORD sold them to King Jabin of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor. The commander of his army was Sisera who lived in Harosheth of the Nations. 3 Then the Israelites cried out to the LORD, because Jabin had nine hundred iron chariots, and he harshly oppressed them twenty years. Deborah, a prophetess and the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. 5 She would sit under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, and the Israelites went up to her to settle disputes. 4 I don’t want any prophets Prophets usually show up when things are bad, or about to become bad. Moses and Daniel came during slavery, Elijah during King Ahab and Jezebel, Ezekiel and Jeremiah at the destruction of Jerusalem. Nathan to scold David. Even in the NT, Agabus came to prophesy about the famine. God appointed the priests and the Levites to be his messengers. They preached the Law to the people, and could inquire of the Lord using the Urim and the Thummim. Deborah came when the priesthood failed. She summoned Barak son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, “Hasn’t the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded you: ‘Go, deploy the troops on Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the Naphtalites and Zebulunites? 7 Then I will lure Sisera commander of Jabin’s army, his chariots, and his infantry at the Wadi Kishon to fight against you, and I will hand him over to you.’” 6 Barak said to her, “If you will go with me, I will go. But if you will not go with me, I will not go.” 8 Coward or Saint? Why does Barak want Deborah to go with him? Where is the Spirit of the Lord? “I will gladly go with you,” she said, “but you will receive no honor on the road you are about to take, because the LORD will sell Sisera to a woman.” So Deborah got up and went with Barak to Kedesh. 10 Barak summoned Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; ten thousand men followed him, and Deborah also went with him. 9 Now Heber the Kenite had moved away from the Kenites, the sons of Hobab, Moses’s father11 in-law, and pitched his tent beside the oak tree of Zaanannim, which was near Kedesh. It was reported to Sisera that Barak son of Abinoam had gone up Mount Tabor. 13 Sisera summoned all his nine hundred iron chariots and all the troops who were with him from Harosheth of the Nations to the Wadi Kishon. 14 Then Deborah said to Barak, “Go! This is the day the LORD has handed Sisera over to you. Hasn’t the LORD gone before you?” So Barak came down from Mount Tabor with ten thousand men following him. 12 The LORD threw Sisera, all his charioteers, and all his army into a panic before Barak’s assault. Sisera left his chariot and fled on foot. 16 Barak pursued the chariots and the army as far as Harosheth of the Nations, and the whole army of Sisera fell by the sword; not a single man was left. 15 Will the real general please stand up? Meanwhile, Sisera Who is in command of the army? had fled on foot to the tent of Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite, because there was peace between King Jabin of Hazor and the family of Heber the Kenite. 18 Jael went out to greet Sisera and said to him, “Come in, my lord. Come in with me. Don’t be afraid.” So he went into her tent, and she covered him with a blanket. 19 He said to her, 17 “Please give me a little water to drink for I am thirsty.” She opened a container of milk, gave him a drink, and covered him again. 20 Then he said to her, “Stand at the entrance to the tent. If a man comes and asks you, ‘Is there a man here?’ say, ‘No.’” 21 While he was sleeping from exhaustion, Heber’s wife Jael took a tent peg, grabbed a hammer, Who is the real coward? and went silently to Can anyone escape from the Lord? How Sisera. She does God use bad people for God things? hammered the peg into his temple and drove it into the ground, and he died. When Barak arrived in pursuit of Sisera, Jael went out to greet him and said to him, “Come and I will show you the man you are looking for.” So he went in with her, and there was Sisera lying dead with a tent peg through his temple! 22 That day God subdued King Jabin of Canaan before the Israelites. 24 The power of the Israelites continued to increase against King Jabin of Canaan until they destroyed him. 23 Deborah’s Song 5 On that day Deborah and Barak son of Abinoam sang: 2 When the leaders lead in Israel, when the people volunteer, blessed be the LORD. 3 Listen, kings! Pay attention, Not a shield or spear was princes! seen I will sing to the LORD; among forty thousand in I will sing praise to Israel. the LORD God of Israel. 9 4 LORD, when you came from My heart is with the leaders of Israel, Seir, with the volunteers of the when you marched from the people. fields of Edom, Blessed be the LORD! the earth trembled, 10 the skies poured rain, white donkeys, You who ride on and the clouds poured water. who sit on saddle blankets, 5 The mountains melted and who travel on the road, before the LORD, give praise! even Sinai, before the LORD, 11 the God of Israel. acts of the LORD, 6 In the days of Shamgar son Let them tell the righteous the righteous deeds of his of Anath, warriors in Israel, in the days of Jael, with the voices of the singers the main roads were at the watering places. deserted Then the LORD’s people went because travelers kept to the down to the city gates. side roads. 7 Villages were deserted, 12 “Awake! Awake, Deborah! Awake! Awake, sing a song! they were deserted in Israel, Arise, Barak, until I, Deborah, arose, and take your prisoners, a mother in Israel. son of Abinoam!” 8 Israel chose new gods, 13 Then the survivors came then there was war in the down to the nobles; city gates. the LORD’s people came down to me with the warriors. 14 Those with their roots in seashore and stayed in his harbors. Amalek came from Ephraim; 18 Benjamin came with your defied death, people after you. Naphtali also, on the heights The leaders came down from of the battlefield. Machir, 19 and those who carry a Then the kings of Canaan marshal’s staff came from fought Zebulun. at Taanach by the Waters of 15 The princes of Issachar The people of Zebulun Kings came and fought. Megiddo, were with Deborah; but they did not plunder the Issachar was with Barak; silver. they were under his 20 leadership in the valley. heavens; There was great searching of the stars fought with Sisera heart from their paths. among the clans of Reuben. 21 16 Why did you sit among the The stars fought from the The river Kishon swept them away, sheep pens the ancient river, the river listening to the playing of Kishon. pipes for the flocks? March on, my soul, in There was great searching of strength! heart 22 among the clans of Reuben. hammered— 17 Gilead remained beyond The horses’ hooves then the galloping, galloping of the Jordan. his stallions. Dan, why did you linger at 23 the ships? angel of the LORD, Asher remained at the “Bitterly curse her “Curse Meroz,” says the inhabitants, where he collapsed, there he for they did not come to help fell—dead. the LORD, 28 to help the LORD with the through the window; warriors.” she peered through the 24 Jael is most blessed of Sisera’s mother looked lattice, crying out: women, “Why is his chariot so long in the wife of Heber the Kenite; coming? she is most blessed among Why don’t I hear the tent-dwelling women. hoofbeats of his horses?” 25 He asked for water; she 29 Her wisest princesses gave him milk. answer her; She brought him cream in a she even answers herself: majestic bowl. 30 26 “Are they not finding and She reached for a tent peg, dividing the spoil— her right hand, for a a girl or two for each warrior, workman’s hammer. the spoil of colored garments Then she hammered Sisera— for Sisera, she crushed his head; the spoil of an embroidered she shattered and pierced his garment or two for my temple. 27 He collapsed, he fell, he lay neck?” 31 LORD, may all your enemies down between her feet; perish as Sisera did. he collapsed, he fell between But may those who love him her feet; be like the rising of the sun in its strength. And the land had peace for forty years.